Suppose you hit a wooden table with your hand. It makes a sound.Now suppose you hit a bell. It makes a sound.The second sound is called a tone(乐音). A tone is a single musical sound. Music is the art of organizing tones into meaningful patterns of sound.We might call it the language of tones.Some times the language of music speaks to us in tones sounding after one another in melody1.Or the tones could be sounding together in harmony2.
  When tones clash with one another,it is called dissonance (不协和音). But this clashing is often full of meaning. What we call melody is given meaning by its rising or falling or moving straight ahead.It is also given meaning by its rhythm (节奏) of beats and phrasing, its speed or tempo(速度), and how loud or soft it is at any moment.All of this sounds very technical,or mechanical.But it doesn"t have to be understood or thought about for us to enjoy music. What music means to us can often not be put into words.We can feel that the music expresses joy or sorrow,gaiety (快乐), tenderness,love, anger——all kinds of things and feelings that words alone could never do.
  Music can also be enjoyed just for its beauty, and not for what it is saying.We can get pleasure from even a single tone of voice, violin, horn, or some other instrument.We may love a beautiful melody for many years of our lives and always enjoy hearing it.
  There are,of course, many forms of music, from the anthem3 to the symphony (交响乐 );and many types of music, from folk music to opera4</sup>.
  
  如你用手敲击木桌,会发出一个声响,假如你用手敲击一个铃,也会发出一个声响。但第二个声响被称作乐音。一个乐音就是一个单独的音乐声音。音乐是一种由多种乐音编织成富有意义的声响所构成的艺术。我们可以称之为乐音的语言。有时音乐语言是以一个个乐音串成旋律向我们表意的,而有时众多乐音和谐地交织在一起共鸣。
  乐音相互之间发生冲撞时会出现不协和音。但这种冲撞通常颇富含义。我们所称的旋律就是通过或升或降,或平铺直叙的方式被赋予含义的。节奏、乐句、速度和随时变化的声音高低等也赋予旋律以含义。所有这些听起来都是非常技术性的,或者说是机械性的。但我们在欣赏音乐的时候不一定非要懂得或去思考这些,因为对我们来说,音乐的含意常常是无法用语言来表达的。我们可以感受到音乐所表达的欢乐或悲伤、愉悦、柔情、爱意、愤怒,即语言本身永远无法表达清楚的种种事情和诸多情感。
  欣赏音乐也可以只体会它的美感,而不去理解它要表达的是什么意思。我们甚至可以仅仅从嗓音、小提琴、圆号或其他乐器发出的一个乐音来感受快乐。我们还可能在多年里一直热爱一首美丽的乐曲,总愿意聆听它,感受它。
  当然,音乐有许多形式,从赞美诗到交响乐;也有许多种类,从民间音乐到歌剧。
  
  注释:
  1melody n .旋律,曲调2 harmony n. 和协,协调
   3 anthem n. (应答轮唱的)赞美诗4opera n. 歌剧
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石蒜图片:天才与天真

2019年10月19日 08:55

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【作】【者】【介】【绍】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【托】【马】【斯】【·】【潘】【恩】【(】【1】【7】【3】【7】【—】【1】【8】【0】【9】【)】【,】【英】【国】【散】【文】【家】【、】【政】【论】【家】【。】【出】【生】【于】【英】【格】【兰】【,】【才】【华】【出】【众】【,】【家】【境】【寒】【微】【,】【自】【学】【成】【才】【,】【学】【识】【广】【博】【,】【在】【自】【然】【科】【学】【和】【人】【文】【科】【学】【上】【都】【作】【过】【深】【入】【研】【究】【,】【渴】【望】【重】【建】【公】【平】【的】【社】【会】【秩】【序】【。】【5】【7】【岁】【来】【到】【美】【国】【费】【城】【,】【深】【受】【富】【兰】【克】【林】【的】【赏】【识】【。】【本】【文】【是】【他】【的】【成】【名】【作】【。】【其】【他】【代】【表】【作】【有】【《】【危】【机】【》】【、】【《】【理】【性】【时】【代】【》】【。】【文】【笔】【朴】【质】【,】【说】【理】【深】【入】【浅】【出】【,】【文】【风】【平】【易】【近】【人】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【I】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【f】【o】【l】【l】【o】【w】【i】【n】【g】【 】【p】【a】【g】【e】【s】【 】【I】【 】【o】【f】【f】【e】【r】【 】【n】【o】【t】【h】【i】【n】【g】【 】【m】【o】【r】【e】【 】【t】【h】【a】【n】【 】【s】【i】【m】【p】【l】【e】【 】【f】【a】【c】【t】【s】【,】【 】【p】【l】【a】【i】【n】【 】【a】【r】【g】【u】【m】【e】【n】【t】【s】【,】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【c】【o】【m】【m】【o】【n】【 】【s】【e】【n】【s】【e】【,】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【h】【a】【v】【e】【 】【n】【o】【 】【o】【t】【h】【e】【r】【 】【p】【r】【e】【l】【i】【m】【i】【n】【a】【r】【i】【e】【s】【 】【t】【o】【 】【s】【e】【t】【t】【l】【e】【 】【w】【i】【t】【h】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【r】【e】【a】【d】【e】【r】【,】【 】【t】【h】【a】【n】【 】【t】【h】【a】【t】【 】【h】【e】【 】【w】【i】【l】【l】【 】【d】【i】【v】【e】【s】【t】【 】【h】【i】【m】【s】【e】【l】【f】【 】【o】【f】【 】【p】【r】【e】【j】【u】【d】【i】【c】【e】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【p】【r】【e】【p】【o】【s】【s】【e】【s】【s】【i】【o】【n】【,】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【s】【u】【f】【f】【e】【r】【 】【h】【i】【s】【 】【r】【e】【a】【s】【o】【n】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【h】【i】【s】【 】【f】【e】【e】【l】【i】【n】【g】【s】【 】【t】【o】【 】【d】【e】【t】【e】【r】【m】【i】【n】【e】【 】【f】【o】【r】【 】【t】【h】【e】【m】【s】【e】【l】【v】【e】【s】【:】【 】【t】【h】【a】【t】【 】【h】【e】【 】【w】【i】【l】【l】【 】【p】【u】【t】【 】【o】【n】【,】【 】【o】【r】【 】【r】【a】【t】【h】【e】【r】【 】【t】【h】【a】【t】【 】【h】【e】【 】【w】【i】【l】【l】【 】【n】【o】【t】【 】【p】【u】【t】【 】【o】【f】【f】【,】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【t】【r】【u】【e】【 】【c】【h】【a】【r】【a】【c】【t】【e】【r】【 】【o】【f】【 】【a】【 】【m】【a】【n】【,】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【g】【e】【n】【e】【r】【o】【u】【s】【l】【y】【 】【e】【n】【l】【a】【r】【g】【e】【 】【h】【i】【s】【 】【v】【i】【e】【w】【s】【 】【b】【e】【y】【o】【n】【d】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【p】【r】【e】【s】【e】【n】【t】【 】【d】【a】【y】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【V】【o】【l】【u】【m】【e】【s】【 】【h】【a】【v】【e】【 】【b】【e】【e】【n】【 】【w】【r】【i】【t】【t】【e】【n】【 】【o】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【s】【u】【b】【j】【e】【c】【t】【 】【o】【f】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【s】【t】【r】【u】【g】【g】【l】【e】【 】【b】【e】【t】【w】【e】【e】【n】【 】【E】【n】【g】【l】【a】【n】【d】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【A】【m】【e】【r】【i】【c】【a】【.】【 】【M】【e】【n】【 】【o】【f】【 】【a】【l】【l】【 】【r】【a】【n】【k】【s】【 】【h】【a】【v】【e】【 】【e】【m】【b】【a】【r】【k】【e】【d】【 】【i】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【c】【o】【n】【t】【r】【o】【v】【e】【r】【s】【y】【,】【 】【f】【r】【o】【m】【 】【d】【i】【f】【f】【e】【r】【e】【n】【t】【 】【m】【o】【t】【i】【v】【e】【s】【,】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【w】【i】【t】【h】【 】【v】【a】【r】【i】【o】【u】【s】【 】【d】【e】【s】【i】【g】【n】【s】【;】【 】【b】【u】【t】【 】【a】【l】【l】【 】【h】【a】【v】【e】【 】【b】【e】【e】【n】【 】【i】【n】【e】【f】【f】【e】【c】【t】【u】【a】【l】【,】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【p】【e】【r】【i】【o】【d】【 】【o】【f】【 】【d】【e】【b】【a】【t】【e】【 】【i】【s】【 】【c】【l】【o】【s】【e】【d】【.】【 】【A】【r】【m】【s】【 】【a】【s】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【l】【a】【s】【t】【 】【r】【e】【s】【o】【u】【r】【c】【e】【 】【d】【e】【c】【i】【d】【e】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【c】【o】【n】【t】【e】【s】【t】【;】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【a】【p】【p】【e】【a】【l】【 】【w】【a】【s】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【c】【h】【o】【i】【c】【e】【 】【o】【f】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【K】【i】【n】【g】【,】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【c】【o】【n】【t】【i】【n】【e】【n】【t】【 】【h】【a】【s】【 】【a】【c】【c】【e】【p】【t】【e】【d】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【c】【h】【a】【l】【l】【e】【n】【g】【e】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【I】【t】【 】【h】【a】【s】【 】【b】【e】【e】【n】【 】【r】【e】【p】【o】【r】【t】【e】【d】【 】【o】【f】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【l】【a】【t】【e】【 】【M】【r】【.】【 】【P】【e】【l】【h】【a】【m】【 】【(】【w】【h】【o】【 】【t】【h】【o】【u】【g】【h】【 】【a】【n】【 】【a】【b】【l】【e】【 】【m】【i】【n】【i】【s】【t】【e】【r】【 】【w】【a】【s】【 】【n】【o】【t】【 】【w】【i】【t】【h】【o】【u】【t】【 】【h】【i】【s】【 】【f】【a】【u】【l】【t】【s】【)】【 】【t】【h】【a】【t】【 】【o】【n】【 】【h】【i】【s】【 】【b】【e】【i】【n】【g】【 】【a】【t】【t】【a】【c】【k】【e】【d】【 】【i】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【H】【o】【u】【s】【e】【 】【o】【f】【 】【C】【o】【m】【m】【o】【n】【s】【 】【o】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【s】【c】【o】【r】【e】【 】【t】【h】【a】【t】【 】【h】【i】【s】【 】【m】【e】【a】【s】【u】【r】【e】【s】【 】【w】【e】【r】【e】【 】【o】【n】【l】【y】【 】【o】【f】【 】【a】【 】【t】【e】【m】【p】【o】【r】【a】【r】【y】【 】【k】【i】【n】【d】【,】【 】【r】【e】【p】【l】【i】【e】【d】【,】【 】【"】【t】【h】【e】【y】【 】【w】【i】【l】【l】【 】【l】【a】【s】【t】【 】【m】【y】【 】【t】【i】【m】【e】【.】【"】【S】【h】【o】【u】【l】【d】【 】【a】【 】【t】【h】【o】【u】【g】【h】【t】【 】【s】【o】【 】【f】【a】【t】【a】【l】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【u】【n】【m】【a】【n】【l】【y】【 】【p】【o】【s】【s】【e】【s】【s】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【c】【o】【l】【o】【n】【i】【e】【s】【 】【i】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【p】【r】【e】【s】【e】【n】【t】【 】【c】【o】【n】【t】【e】【s】【t】【,】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【n】【a】【m】【e】【 】【o】【f】【 】【a】【n】【c】【e】【s】【t】【o】【r】【s】【 】【w】【i】【l】【l】【 】【b】【e】【 】【r】【e】【m】【e】【m】【b】【e】【r】【e】【d】【 】【b】【y】【 】【f】【u】【t】【u】【r】【e】【 】【g】【e】【n】【e】【r】【a】【t】【i】【o】【n】【s】【 】【w】【i】【t】【h】【 】【d】【e】【t】【e】【s】【t】【a】【t】【i】【o】【n】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【T】【h】【e】【 】【s】【u】【n】【 】【n】【e】【v】【e】【r】【 】【s】【h】【i】【n】【e】【d】【 】【o】【n】【 】【a】【 】【c】【a】【u】【s】【e】【 】【o】【f】【 】【g】【r】【e】【a】【t】【e】【r】【 】【w】【o】【r】【t】【h】【.】【 】【I】【t】【"】【s】【 】【n】【o】【t】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【a】【f】【f】【a】【i】【r】【 】【o】【f】【 】【a】【 】【c】【i】【t】【y】【,】【 】【a】【 】【c】【o】【u】【n】【t】【y】【,】【 】【a】【 】【p】【r】【o】【v】【i】【n】【c】【e】【,】【 】【o】【r】【 】【a】【 】【k】【i】【n】【g】【d】【o】【m】【;】【 】【b】【u】【t】【 】【o】【f】【 】【a】【 】【c】【o】【n】【t】【i】【n】【e】【n】【t】【 】【-】【-】【o】【f】【 】【a】【t】【 】【l】【e】【a】【s】【t】【 】【o】【n】【e】【 】【e】【i】【g】【h】【t】【h】【 】【p】【a】【r】【t】【 】【o】【f】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【h】【a】【b】【i】【t】【a】【b】【l】【e】【 】【g】【l】【o】【b】【e】【.】【 】【I】【t】【"】【s】【 】【n】【o】【t】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【c】【o】【n】【c】【e】【r】【n】【 】【o】【f】【 】【a】【 】【d】【a】【y】【,】【 】【a】【 】【y】【e】【a】【r】【,】【 】【o】【r】【 】【a】【n】【 】【a】【g】【e】【;】【 】【p】【o】【s】【t】【e】【r】【i】【t】【y】【 】【a】【r】【e】【 】【v】【i】【r】【t】【u】【a】【l】【l】【y】【 】【i】【n】【v】【o】【l】【v】【e】【d】【 】【i】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【c】【o】【n】【t】【e】【s】【t】【,】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【w】【i】【l】【l】【 】【b】【e】【 】【m】【o】【r】【e】【 】【o】【r】【 】【l】【e】【s】【s】【 】【a】【f】【f】【e】【c】【t】【e】【d】【 】【e】【v】【e】【n】【 】【t】【o】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【e】【n】【d】【 】【o】【f】【 】【t】【i】【m】【e】【,】【 】【b】【y】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【p】【r】【o】【c】【e】【e】【d】【i】【n】【g】【s】【 】【n】【o】【w】【.】【 】【N】【o】【w】【 】【i】【s】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【s】【e】【e】【d】【 】【t】【i】【m】【e】【 】【o】【f】【 】【c】【o】【n】【t】【i】【n】【e】【n】【t】【a】【l】【 】【u】【n】【i】【o】【n】【,】【 】【f】【a】【i】【t】【h】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【h】【o】【n】【o】【r】【.】【 】【T】【h】【e】【 】【l】【e】【a】【s】【t】【 】【f】【r】【a】【c】【t】【u】【r】【e】【 】【n】【o】【w】【 】【w】【i】【l】【l】【 】【b】【e】【 】【l】【i】【k】【e】【 】【a】【 】【n】【a】【m】【e】【 】【e】【n】【g】【r】【a】【v】【e】【d】【 】【w】【i】【t】【h】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【p】【o】【i】【n】【t】【 】【o】【f】【 】【a】【 】【p】【i】【n】【 】【o】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【t】【e】【n】【d】【e】【r】【 】【r】【i】【n】【d】【 】【o】【f】【 】【a】【 】【y】【o】【u】【n】【g】【 】【o】【a】【k】【;】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【w】【o】【u】【n】【d】【 】【w】【o】【u】【l】【d】【 】【e】【n】【l】【a】【r】【g】【e】【 】【w】【i】【t】【h】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【t】【r】【e】【e】【,】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【p】【o】【s】【t】【e】【r】【i】【t】【y】【 】【r】【e】【a】【d】【 】【i】【t】【 】【i】【n】【 】【f】【u】【l】【l】【 】【g】【r】【o】【w】【n】【 】【c】【h】【a】【r】【a】【c】【t】【e】【r】【s】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【B】【y】【 】【r】【e】【f】【e】【r】【r】【i】【n】【g】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【m】【a】【t】【t】【e】【r】【 】【f】【r】【o】【m】【 】【a】【r】【g】【u】【m】【e】【n】【t】【 】【t】【o】【 】【a】【r】【m】【s】【,】【 】【a】【 】【n】【e】【w】【 】【e】【r】【a】【 】【f】【o】【r】【 】【p】【o】【l】【i】【t】【i】【c】【s】【 】【i】【s】【 】【s】【t】【r】【u】【c】【k】【—】【a】【 】【n】【e】【w】【 】【m】【e】【t】【h】【o】【d】【 】【o】【f】【 】【t】【h】【i】【n】【k】【i】【n】【g】【 】【h】【a】【s】【 】【a】【r】【i】【s】【e】【n】【.】【 】【A】【l】【l】【 】【p】【l】【a】【n】【s】【,】【 】【p】【r】【o】【p】【o】【s】【a】【l】【s】【,】【 】【e】【t】【c】【.】【 】【p】【r】【i】【o】【r】【 】【t】【o】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【n】【i】【n】【e】【t】【e】【e】【n】【t】【h】【 】【o】【f】【 】【A】【p】【r】【i】【l】【,】【 】【i】【.】【e】【.】【 】【t】【o】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【c】【o】【m】【m】【e】【n】【c】【e】【m】【e】【n】【t】【 】【o】【f】【 】【h】【o】【s】【t】【i】【l】【i】【t】【i】【e】【s】【,】【 】【a】【r】【e】【 】【l】【i】【k】【e】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【a】【l】【m】【a】【n】【a】【c】【s】【 】【o】【f】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【l】【a】【s】【t】【 】【y】【e】【a】【r】【;】【 】【w】【h】【i】【c】【h】【 】【t】【h】【o】【u】【g】【h】【 】【p】【r】【o】【p】【e】【r】【 】【t】【h】【e】【n】【,】【 】【a】【r】【e】【 】【s】【u】【p】【e】【r】【c】【e】【d】【e】【d】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【u】【s】【e】【l】【e】【s】【s】【 】【n】【o】【w】【.】【 】【W】【h】【a】【t】【e】【v】【e】【r】【 】【w】【a】【s】【 】【a】【d】【v】【a】【n】【c】【e】【d】【 】【b】【y】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【a】【d】【v】【o】【c】【a】【t】【e】【s】【 】【o】【n】【 】【e】【i】【t】【h】【e】【r】【 】【s】【i】【d】【e】【 】【o】【f】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【q】【u】【e】【s】【t】【i】【o】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【n】【,】【 】【t】【e】【r】【m】【i】【n】【a】【t】【e】【d】【 】【i】【n】【 】【o】【n】【e】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【s】【a】【m】【e】【 】【p】【o】【i】【n】【t】【,】【 】【v】【i】【z】【.】【,】【 】【a】【 】【u】【n】【i】【o】【n】【 】【w】【i】【t】【h】【 】【G】【r】【e】【a】【t】【 】【B】【r】【i】【t】【a】【i】【n】【;】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【o】【n】【l】【y】【 】【d】【i】【f】【f】【e】【r】【e】【n】【c】【e】【 】【b】【e】【t】【w】【e】【e】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【p】【a】【r】【t】【i】【e】【s】【 】【w】【a】【s】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【m】【e】【t】【h】【o】【d】【 】【o】【f】【 】【e】【f】【f】【e】【c】【t】【i】【n】【g】【 】【i】【t】【;】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【o】【n】【e】【 】【p】【r】【o】【p】【o】【s】【i】【n】【g】【 】【f】【o】【r】【c】【e】【,】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【o】【t】【h】【e】【r】【 】【f】【r】【i】【e】【n】【d】【s】【h】【i】【p】【;】【 】【b】【u】【t】【 】【i】【t】【 】【h】【a】【s】【 】【s】【o】【 】【f】【a】【r】【 】【h】【a】【p】【p】【e】【n】【e】【d】【 】【t】【h】【a】【t】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【f】【i】【r】【s】【t】【 】【h】【a】【s】【 】【f】【a】【i】【l】【e】【d】【,】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【s】【e】【c】【o】【n】【d】【 】【h】【a】【t】【h】【 】【w】【i】【t】【h】【d】【r】【a】【w】【n】【 】【h】【e】【r】【 】【i】【n】【f】【l】【u】【e】【n】【c】【e】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【A】【s】【 】【m】【u】【c】【h】【 】【h】【a】【s】【 】【b】【e】【e】【n】【 】【s】【a】【i】【d】【 】【o】【f】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【a】【d】【v】【a】【n】【t】【a】【g】【e】【s】【 】【o】【f】【 】【r】【e】【c】【o】【n】【c】【i】【l】【i】【a】【t】【i】【o】【n】【,】【 】【w】【h】【i】【c】【h】【,】【 】【l】【i】【k】【e】【 】【a】【n】【 】【a】【g】【r】【e】【e】【a】【b】【l】【e】【 】【d】【r】【e】【a】【m】【,】【 】【h】【a】【s】【 】【p】【a】【s】【s】【e】【d】【 】【a】【w】【a】【y】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【l】【e】【f】【t】【 】【u】【s】【 】【a】【s】【 】【w】【e】【 】【w】【e】【r】【e】【,】【 】【i】【t】【 】【i】【s】【 】【b】【u】【t】【 】【r】【i】【g】【h】【t】【 】【t】【h】【a】【t】【 】【w】【e】【 】【s】【h】【o】【u】【l】【d】【 】【e】【x】【a】【m】【i】【n】【e】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【c】【o】【n】【t】【r】【a】【r】【y】【 】【s】【i】【d】【e】【 】【o】【f】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【a】【r】【g】【u】【m】【e】【n】【t】【,】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【i】【n】【q】【u】【i】【r】【e】【 】【i】【n】【t】【o】【 】【s】【o】【m】【e】【 】【o】【f】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【m】【a】【n】【y】【 】【m】【a】【t】【e】【r】【i】【a】【l】【 】【i】【n】【j】【u】【r】【i】【e】【s】【 】【w】【h】【i】【c】【h】【 】【t】【h】【e】【s】【e】【 】【c】【o】【l】【o】【n】【i】【e】【s】【 】【s】【u】【s】【t】【a】【i】【n】【,】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【a】【l】【w】【a】【y】【s】【 】【w】【i】【l】【l】【 】【s】【u】【s】【t】【a】【i】【n】【,】【 】【b】【y】【 】【b】【e】【i】【n】【g】【 】【c】【o】【n】【n】【e】【c】【t】【e】【d】【 】【w】【i】【t】【h】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【d】【e】【p】【e】【n】【d】【e】【n】【t】【 】【o】【n】【 】【G】【r】【e】【a】【t】【 】【B】【r】【i】【t】【a】【i】【n】【.】【 】【T】【o】【 】【e】【x】【a】【m】【i】【n】【e】【 】【t】【h】【a】【t】【 】【c】【o】【n】【n】【e】【c】【t】【i】【o】【n】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【d】【e】【p】【e】【n】【d】【e】【n】【c】【e】【,】【 】【o】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【p】【r】【i】【n】【c】【i】【p】【l】【e】【s】【 】【o】【f】【 】【n】【a】【t】【u】【r】【e】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【c】【o】【m】【m】【o】【n】【 】【s】【e】【n】【s】【e】【,】【 】【t】【o】【 】【s】【e】【e】【 】【w】【h】【a】【t】【 】【w】【e】【 】【h】【a】【v】【e】【 】【t】【o】【 】【t】【r】【u】【s】【t】【 】【t】【o】【,】【 】【i】【f】【 】【s】【e】【p】【a】【r】【a】【t】【e】【d】【,】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【w】【h】【a】【t】【 】【w】【e】【 】【a】【r】【e】【 】【t】【o】【 】【e】【x】【p】【e】【c】【t】【,】【 】【i】【f】【 】【d】【e】【p】【e】【n】【d】【e】【n】【t】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【作】【者】【介】【绍】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【乔】【治】【·】【斯】【莱】【思】【·】【斯】【特】【里】【特】【(】【1】【8】【6】【7】【—】【1】【9】【3】【6】【)】【,】【英】【国】【作】【家】【、】【散】【文】【家】【。】【是】【一】【个】【写】【小】【品】【文】【的】【能】【手】【。】【在】【本】【篇】【中】【,】【作】【者】【通】【过】【切】【身】【的】【体】【验】【,】【描】【述】【了】【他】【对】【世】【界】【闻】【名】【的】【雾】【都】【伦】【敦】【的】【感】【受】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【B】【e】【a】【u】【t】【y】【 】【o】【r】【 】【n】【o】【n】【e】【,】【 】【t】【h】【e】【r】【e】【 】【i】【s】【 】【m】【u】【c】【h】【 】【t】【o】【 】【b】【e】【 】【s】【a】【i】【d】【 】【f】【o】【r】【 】【a】【 】【L】【o】【n】【d】【o】【n】【 】【f】【o】【g】【.】【 】【I】【t】【 】【g】【i】【v】【e】【s】【 】【u】【s】【 】【a】【l】【l】【 】【t】【h】【a】【t】【"】【c】【h】【a】【n】【g】【e】【"】【 】【w】【h】【i】【c】【h】【 】【w】【e】【 】【a】【r】【e】【 】【a】【l】【w】【a】【y】【s】【 】【n】【e】【e】【d】【i】【n】【g】【.】【 】【W】【h】【e】【n】【 】【o】【u】【r】【 】【w】【o】【r】【l】【d】【 】【i】【s】【 】【a】【l】【l】【 】【b】【u】【t】【 】【i】【n】【v】【i】【s】【i】【b】【l】【e】【,】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【g】【r】【o】【w】【i】【n】【g】【 】【v】【i】【s】【i】【b】【l】【e】【 】【b】【i】【t】【 】【b】【y】【 】【b】【i】【t】【 】【l】【o】【o】【k】【s】【 】【u】【t】【t】【e】【r】【l】【y】【 】【d】【i】【f】【f】【e】【r】【e】【n】【t】【 】【f】【r】【o】【m】【 】【i】【t】【s】【 】【a】【c】【c】【u】【s】【t】【o】【m】【e】【d】【 】【s】【e】【l】【f】【,】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【s】【t】【u】【p】【i】【d】【e】【s】【t】【 】【o】【f】【 】【u】【s】【 】【a】【l】【l】【 】【c】【a】【n】【 】【h】【a】【r】【d】【l】【y】【 】【f】【a】【i】【l】【 】【t】【o】【 】【o】【b】【s】【e】【r】【v】【e】【 】【a】【 】【c】【h】【a】【n】【g】【e】【 】【f】【o】【r】【 】【o】【u】【r】【 】【e】【y】【e】【s】【 】【a】【t】【 】【l】【e】【a】【s】【t】【 】【a】【s】【 】【g】【r】【e】【a】【t】【 】【a】【s】【 】【t】【h】【e】【r】【e】【 】【w】【o】【u】【l】【d】【 】【h】【a】【v】【e】【 】【b】【e】【e】【n】【 】【i】【n】【 】【g】【o】【i】【n】【g】【 】【t】【o】【 】【G】【l】【a】【s】【g】【o】【w】【.】【 】【W】【h】【e】【n】【,】【 】【a】【r】【r】【i】【v】【i】【n】【g】【 】【a】【t】【 】【o】【n】【e】【"】【s】【 】【h】【o】【u】【s】【e】【 】【o】【r】【 】【o】【n】【e】【"】【s】【 】【c】【l】【u】【b】【;】【 】【t】【h】【a】【t】【 】【m】【o】【n】【o】【t】【o】【n】【o】【u】【s】【 】【d】【i】【u】【r】【n】【a】【l】【 】【i】【n】【c】【i】【d】【e】【n】【t】【 】【s】【e】【e】【m】【s】【 】【a】【n】【 】【a】【l】【m】【o】【s】【t】【 】【i】【n】【c】【r】【e】【d】【i】【b】【l】【e】【 】【f】【e】【a】【t】【,】【 】【a】【c】【c】【o】【m】【p】【l】【i】【s】【h】【e】【d】【 】【w】【i】【t】【h】【 】【p】【r】【o】【f】【o】【u】【n】【d】【 】【r】【e】【l】【i】【e】【f】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【g】【r】【a】【t】【i】【t】【u】【d】【e】【 】【f】【o】【r】【 】【a】【 】【s】【a】【f】【e】【 】【d】【e】【l】【i】【v】【e】【r】【a】【n】【c】【e】【,】【 】【o】【n】【e】【 】【h】【a】【s】【 】【a】【t】【 】【l】【e】【a】【s】【t】【 】【a】【n】【 】【u】【n】【a】【c】【c】【u】【s】【t】【o】【m】【e】【d】【 】【s】【e】【n】【s】【a】【t】【i】【o】【n】【.】【 】【O】【n】【e】【 】【i】【s】【 】【n】【o】【t】【 】【a】【 】【m】【a】【n】【 】【g】【o】【i】【n】【g】【 】【i】【n】【t】【o】【 】【h】【i】【s】【 】【c】【l】【u】【b】【,】【 】【b】【u】【t】【 】【a】【 】【m】【a】【r】【i】【n】【e】【r】【 】【s】【a】【v】【e】【d】【 】【f】【r】【o】【m】【 】【s】【h】【i】【p】【w】【r】【e】【c】【k】【 】【a】【t】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【l】【a】【s】【t】【 】【g】【a】【s】【p】【,】【 】【t】【o】【 】【b】【e】【 】【g】【r】【e】【e】【t】【e】【d】【 】【w】【i】【t】【h】【 】【e】【m】【o】【t】【i】【o】【n】【 】【b】【y】【 】【e】【r】【s】【t】【 】【i】【n】【d】【i】【f】【f】【e】【r】【e】【n】【t】【 】【w】【a】【i】【t】【e】【r】【s】【.】【 】【Y】【e】【s】【,】【 】【a】【 】【f】【o】【g】【 】【g】【i】【v】【e】【s】【 】【L】【o】【n】【d】【o】【n】【e】【r】【s】【 】【a】【 】【m】【o】【r】【e】【 】【t】【h】【o】【r】【o】【u】【g】【h】【 】【c】【h】【a】【n】【g】【e】【 】【t】【h】【a】【n】【 】【g】【o】【i】【n】【g】【 】【t】【o】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【R】【i】【v】【i】【e】【r】【a】【 】【t】【o】【 】【a】【v】【o】【i】【d】【 】【i】【t】【.】【 】【T】【h】【e】【n】【 】【i】【t】【 】【b】【r】【i】【n】【g】【s】【 】【o】【u】【t】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【k】【i】【n】【d】【n】【e】【s】【s】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【c】【h】【e】【e】【r】【f】【u】【l】【n】【e】【s】【s】【,】【 】【w】【h】【i】【c】【h】【 】【a】【r】【e】【 】【t】【h】【e】【i】【r】【 】【p】【r】【i】【m】【e】【 】【c】【l】【a】【i】【m】【 】【t】【o】【 】【h】【o】【n】【o】【u】【r】【,】【 】【i】【n】【t】【o】【 】【s】【t】【r】【o】【n】【g】【 】【r】【e】【l】【i】【e】【f】【.】【 】【T】【r】【u】【e】【,】【 】【i】【t】【 】【a】【l】【s】【o】【 】【t】【h】【r】【o】【w】【s】【 】【i】【n】【t】【o】【 】【r】【e】【l】【i】【e】【f】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【i】【n】【c】【o】【m】【p】【a】【r】【a】【b】【l】【e】【 】【e】【g】【o】【i】【s】【m】【 】【o】【f】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【p】【r】【o】【s】【p】【e】【r】【o】【u】【s】【 】【a】【m】【o】【n】【g】【 】【t】【h】【e】【m】【.】【 】【P】【e】【o】【p】【l】【e】【 】【w】【i】【t】【h】【 】【n】【o】【 】【s】【e】【r】【i】【o】【u】【s】【 】【c】【a】【r】【e】【s】【 】【o】【r】【 】【w】【o】【r】【r】【i】【e】【s】【 】【i】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【w】【o】【r】【l】【d】【 】【o】【f】【 】【c】【o】【u】【r】【s】【e】【 】【b】【e】【m】【o】【a】【n】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【u】【p】【b】【r】【a】【i】【d】【 】【t】【h】【i】【s】【 】【t】【r】【i】【f】【l】【i】【n】【g】【 】【i】【n】【c】【o】【n】【v】【e】【n】【i】【e】【n】【c】【e】【.】【 】【B】【u】【t】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【w】【o】【r】【k】【i】【n】【g】【,】【 】【s】【t】【r】【u】【g】【g】【l】【i】【n】【g】【 】【L】【o】【n】【d】【o】【n】【e】【r】【s】【,】【 】【c】【a】【b】【m】【e】【n】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【b】【u】【s】【m】【e】【n】【,】【 】【y】【o】【u】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【I】【,】【 】【d】【i】【s】【p】【l】【a】【y】【 】【o】【u】【r】【 】【i】【n】【d】【o】【m】【i】【t】【a】【b】【l】【e】【 】【g】【o】【o】【d】【-】【h】【u】【m】【o】【u】【r】【 】【t】【o】【 】【a】【d】【v】【a】【n】【t】【a】【g】【e】【.】【 】【I】【 】【s】【t】【a】【y】【e】【d】【 】【o】【n】【 】【t】【o】【p】【 】【o】【f】【 】【a】【 】【b】【u】【s】【 】【f】【o】【r】【 】【h】【a】【l】【f】【 】【a】【n】【 】【h】【o】【u】【r】【 】【i】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【b】【l】【o】【c】【k】【 】【o】【n】【 】【M】【o】【n】【d】【a】【y】【 】【a】【t】【 】【H】【y】【d】【e】【 】【P】【a】【r】【k】【 】【C】【o】【r】【n】【e】【r】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【t】【a】【l】【k】【e】【d】【 】【w】【i】【t】【h】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【d】【r】【i】【v】【e】【r】【.】【 】【P】【e】【o】【p】【l】【e】【 】【a】【r】【e】【 】【o】【f】【t】【e】【n】【 】【d】【i】【s】【a】【p】【p】【o】【i】【n】【t】【e】【d】【 】【i】【n】【 】【a】【 】【b】【u】【s】【-】【d】【r】【i】【v】【e】【r】【 】【b】【e】【c】【a】【u】【s】【e】【 】【t】【h】【e】【y】【 】【e】【x】【p】【e】【c】【t】【 】【a】【 】【w】【i】【t】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【a】【 】【p】【r】【e】【t】【t】【y】【 】【s】【w】【e】【a】【r】【e】【r】【.】【 】【T】【h】【e】【y】【 】【f】【i】【n】【d】【 】【n】【e】【i】【t】【h】【e】【r】【,】【 】【b】【u】【t】【 】【t】【h】【e】【y】【 】【f】【i】【n】【d】【 】【a】【n】【 】【o】【v】【e】【r】【w】【o】【r】【k】【e】【d】【 】【m】【a】【n】【 】【o】【f】【 】【e】【x】【t】【r】【a】【o】【r】【d】【i】【n】【a】【r】【y】【 】【c】【h】【e】【e】【r】【f】【u】【l】【n】【e】【s】【s】【,】【 】【r】【e】【s】【p】【o】【n】【s】【i】【v】【e】【,】【 】【r】【e】【a】【d】【y】【 】【t】【o】【 】【l】【a】【u】【g】【h】【.】【 】【H】【e】【 】【i】【s】【 】【m】【a】【s】【t】【e】【r】【 】【o】【f】【 】【h】【i】【s】【 】【b】【u】【s】【i】【n】【e】【s】【s】【 】【—】【a】【 】【f】【a】【c】【t】【 】【e】【m】【p】【h】【a】【s】【i】【s】【e】【d】【 】【b】【y】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【f】【o】【g】【—】【t】【o】【 】【a】【 】【d】【e】【g】【r】【e】【e】【 】【r】【e】【f】【r】【e】【s】【h】【i】【n】【g】【 】【t】【o】【 】【o】【n】【e】【 】【w】【h】【o】【s】【e】【 】【e】【x】【p】【e】【r】【i】【e】【n】【c】【e】【 】【o】【f】【 】【m】【e】【n】【 】【p】【r】【o】【f】【e】【s】【s】【i】【n】【g】【 】【s】【o】【m】【e】【 】【p】【r】【a】【c】【t】【i】【c】【a】【l】【 】【c】【a】【l】【l】【i】【n】【g】【 】【i】【s】【 】【t】【h】【a】【t】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【g】【r】【e】【a】【t】【 】【m】【a】【j】【o】【r】【i】【t】【y】【,】【 】【s】【o】【m】【e】【 】【f】【r】【o】【m】【 】【m】【e】【r】【e】【 】【s】【t】【u】【p】【i】【d】【i】【t】【y】【,】【 】【s】【o】【m】【e】【 】【f】【r】【o】【m】【 】【o】【v】【e】【r】【-】【h】【a】【s】【t】【y】【 】【e】【n】【t】【h】【u】【s】【i】【a】【s】【m】【,】【 】【a】【r】【e】【 】【q】【u】【i】【t】【e】【 】【i】【n】【c】【o】【m】【p】【e】【t】【e】【n】【t】【.】【 】【W】【h】【e】【n】【 】【f】【i】【n】【a】【l】【l】【y】【 】【I】【 】【l】【e】【f】【t】【 】【h】【i】【m】【,】【 】【h】【i】【s】【 】【m】【a】【t】【e】【 】【p】【i】【l】【o】【t】【e】【d】【 】【m】【e】【 】【t】【h】【r】【o】【u】【g】【h】【 】【w】【h】【e】【e】【l】【s】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【h】【o】【r】【s】【e】【s】【 】【t】【o】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【p】【a】【v】【e】【m】【e】【n】【t】【,】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【I】【 】【f】【e】【l】【t】【 】【I】【 】【h】【a】【d】【 】【b】【e】【e】【n】【 】【a】【m】【o】【n】【g】【 】【f】【o】【l】【k】【 】【w】【h】【o】【 】【d】【e】【s】【e】【r】【v】【e】【 】【t】【o】【 】【l】【i】【v】【e】【.】【 】【O】【n】【 】【S】【u】【n】【d】【a】【y】【 】【n】【i】【g】【h】【t】【 】【I】【 】【w】【a】【l】【k】【e】【d】【 】【a】【 】【m】【i】【l】【e】【 】【t】【o】【 】【m】【y】【 】【a】【b】【o】【d】【e】【,】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【m】【a】【d】【e】【 】【a】【 】【p】【o】【i】【n】【t】【 】【o】【f】【 】【a】【s】【k】【i】【n】【g】【 】【m】【y】【 】【w】【h】【e】【r】【e】【a】【b】【o】【u】【t】【s】【 】【o】【f】【 】【e】【v】【e】【r】【y】【 】【o】【n】【e】【 】【I】【 】【m】【e】【t】【.】【 】【N】【o】【t】【 】【o】【n】【e】【 】【c】【h】【u】【r】【l】【i】【s】【h】【 】【o】【r】【 】【e】【v】【e】【n】【 】【h】【u】【r】【r】【i】【e】【d】【 】【a】【n】【s】【w】【e】【r】【:】【 】【p】【o】【l】【i】【t】【e】【n】【e】【s】【s】【,】【 】【j】【o】【k】【e】【s】【,】【 】【r】【e】【m】【i】【n】【i】【s】【c】【e】【n】【c】【e】【s】【,】【 】【l】【a】【u】【g】【h】【t】【e】【r】【.】【 】【W】【e】【 】【a】【r】【e】【 】【a】【 】【k】【i】【n】【d】【l】【y】【 】【p】【e】【o】【p】【l】【e】【,】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【i】【t】【 】【i】【s】【 】【w】【o】【r】【t】【h】【 】【a】【 】【f】【o】【g】【 】【t】【o】【 】【k】【n】【o】【w】【 】【i】【t】【.】【 】【A】【n】【o】【t】【h】【e】【r】【 】【p】【l】【e】【a】【s】【u】【r】【e】【 】【o】【f】【 】【a】【 】【f】【o】【g】【 】【i】【s】【 】【a】【 】【m】【i】【l】【d】【 】【b】【u】【t】【 】【e】【x】【t】【e】【n】【d】【e】【d】【 】【f】【o】【r】【m】【 】【o】【f】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【p】【l】【e】【a】【s】【u】【r】【e】【 】【w】【e】【 】【f】【e】【e】【l】【 】【w】【h】【e】【n】【 】【w】【e】【 】【h】【e】【a】【r】【 】【t】【h】【a】【t】【 】【a】【 】【m】【i】【l】【l】【i】【o】【n】【a】【i】【r】【e】【 】【h】【a】【s】【 】【b】【r】【o】【k】【e】【n】【 】【h】【i】【s】【 】【l】【e】【g】【.】【 】【T】【h】【e】【 】【t】【o】【o】【 】【f】【o】【r】【t】【u】【n】【a】【t】【e】【 】【a】【r】【e】【 】【s】【u】【f】【f】【e】【r】【i】【n】【g】【 】【a】【 】【d】【i】【s】【c】【o】【n】【t】【e】【n】【t】【 】【h】【e】【a】【l】【t】【h】【 】【c】【a】【n】【n】【o】【t】【 】【r】【e】【m】【o】【v】【e】【.】【 】【T】【h】【e】【r】【e】【 】【w】【a】【s】【 】【i】【n】【 】【t】【h】【a】【t】【 】【b】【l】【o】【c】【k】【 】【a】【 】【f】【a】【t】【 】【b】【r】【o】【u】【g】【h】【a】【m】【 】【c】【o】【n】【t】【a】【i】【n】【i】【n】【g】【 】【a】【n】【 】【i】【m】【p】【o】【r】【t】【a】【n】【t】【-】【l】【o】【o】【k】【i】【n】【g】【 】【o】【l】【d】【 】【m】【a】【n】【 】【w】【h】【o】【 】【f】【o】【a】【m】【e】【d】【 】【a】【t】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【m】【o】【u】【t】【h】【,】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【o】【n】【e】【 】【r】【e】【f】【l】【e】【c】【t】【e】【d】【 】【t】【h】【a】【t】【 】【t】【h】【e】【r】【e】【 】【w】【a】【s】【 】【a】【 】【t】【e】【m】【p】【o】【r】【a】【r】【y】【 】【e】【q】【u】【a】【l】【i】【t】【y】【 】【o】【f】【 】【f】【o】【r】【t】【u】【n】【e】【s】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【S】【u】【c】【h】【 】【a】【r】【e】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【p】【l】【e】【a】【s】【u】【r】【e】【s】【 】【w】【e】【 】【m】【a】【y】【 】【t】【a】【k】【e】【 】【i】【n】【 】【a】【 】【L】【o】【n】【d】【o】【n】【 】【f】【o】【g】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【无】【论】【它】【是】【美】【还】【是】【不】【美】【,】【伦】【敦】【的】【雾】【总】【是】【有】【值】【得】【大】【书】【特】【书】【的】【地】【方】【。】【它】【能】【给】【我】【们】【带】【来】【我】【们】【每】【时】【每】【刻】【都】【需】【要】【的】【那】【种】【“】【变】【化】【”】【。】【最】【初】【,】【这】【个】【世】【界】【几】【乎】【是】【白】【茫】【茫】【的】【一】【片】【,】【然】【后】【,】【慢】【慢】【地】【一】【点】【一】【点】【地】【清】【晰】【起】【来】【,】【这】【和】【我】【们】【平】【常】【所】【见】【完】【全】【不】【同】【。】【这】【时】【,】【就】【算】【是】【最】【愚】【蠢】【的】【人】【也】【不】【会】【察】【觉】【不】【到】【眼】【前】【的】【景】【物】【起】【了】【变】【化】【。】【这】【种】【变】【化】【之】【大】【,】【绝】【不】【亚】【于】【从】【伦】【敦】【到】【格】【拉】【斯】【哥】【。】【又】【比】【如】【,】【回】【到】【家】【里】【,】【或】【来】【到】【俱】【乐】【部】【,】【这】【种】【平】【凡】【单】【调】【的】【日】【常】【琐】【事】【,】【在】【雾】【天】【也】【几】【乎】【成】【为】【惊】【人】【的】【壮】【举】【,】【完】【成】【之】【后】【不】【免】【要】【深】【深】【地】【松】【一】【口】【气】【,】【自】【幸】【安】【全】【脱】【险】【—】【—】【这】【时】【人】【们】【至】【少】【得】【到】【一】【种】【不】【同】【寻】【常】【的】【新】【鲜】【之】【感】【。】【这】【时】【我】【们】【已】【经】【不】【像】【是】【—】【—】【个】【到】【俱】【乐】【部】【去】【玩】【的】【人】【,】【而】【像】【是】【一】【个】【航】【行】【遇】【险】【的】【海】【员】【在】【九】【死】【一】【生】【之】【际】【,】【终】【于】【得】【救】【,】【并】【且】【受】【到】【一】【群】【以】【前】【非】【常】【淡】【漠】【而】【这】【时】【却】【非】【常】【激】【动】【的】【侍】【者】【们】【的】【热】【烈】【欢】【迎】【。】【的】【确】【,】【一】【场】【迷】【雾】【带】【给】【伦】【敦】【人】【的】【变】【化】【非】【常】【之】【大】【,】【比】【起】【去】【里】【维】【埃】【拉】【避】【雾】【度】【假】【所】【带】【来】【的】【变】【化】【都】【要】【大】【。】【其】【次】【,】【雾】【还】【能】【使】【人】【的】【善】【良】【之】【心】【和】【喜】【悦】【之】【情】【充】【分】【表】【现】【出】【来】【,】【这】【是】【伦】【敦】【人】【引】【以】【为】【荣】【的】【两】【大】【特】【点】【。】【当】【然】【,】【它】【也】【会】【把】【富】【人】【的】【那】【种】【极】【度】【自】【私】【自】【利】【揭】【露】【出】【来】【。】【那】【些】【几】【乎】【是】【无】【忧】【无】【虑】【地】【活】【在】【世】【上】【的】【人】【,】【自】【然】【会】【因】【为】【这】【点】【小】【小】【不】【便】【或】【痛】【哭】【流】【涕】【,】【或】【咒】【骂】【不】【已】【。】【但】【是】【为】【生】【计】【奔】【波】【的】【伦】【敦】【人】【,】【比】【如】【那】【些】【马】【车】【夫】【和】【汽】【车】【夫】【,】【比】【如】【你】【和】【我】【,】【却】【会】【把】【我】【们】【那】【种】【欢】【快】【心】【情】【充】【分】【展】【现】【出】【来】【。】【某】【个】【星】【期】【一】【,】【我】【在】【海】【德】【公】【园】【拐】【角】【那】【个】【街】【区】【的】【一】【辆】【公】【共】【汽】【车】【顶】【端】【乘】【坐】【过】【半】【个】【小】【时】【,】【并】【与】【司】【机】【攀】【谈】【。】【人】【们】【往】【往】【对】【一】【个】【汽】【车】【司】【机】【感】【到】【失】【望】【,】【因】【为】【他】【们】【认】【为】【他】【应】【该】【会】【说】【会】【骂】【,】【而】【他】【却】【没】【有】【这】【类】【“】【长】【处】【”】【。】【但】【是】【我】【们】【应】【该】【看】【到】【,】【这】【是】【个】【工】【作】【非】【常】【辛】【苦】【但】【却】【又】【非】【常】【快】【乐】【的】【人】【,】【非】【常】【勤】【快】【,】【服】【务】【周】【到】【,】【笑】【口】【常】【开】【。】【他】【在】【自】【己】【的】【工】【作】【上】【是】【个】【行】【家】【—】【—】【这】【点】【在】【雾】【天】【最】【能】【突】【出】【—】【—】【而】【他】【对】【工】【作】【的】【熟】【练】【程】【度】【很】【高】【,】【对】【于】【那】【种】【凭】【借】【经】【验】【,】【总】【以】【为】【从】【事】【实】【际】【行】【业】【的】【人】【往】【往】【不】【是】【愚】【蠢】【就】【是】【冒】【失】【,】【因】【而】【就】【其】【绝】【大】【多】【数】【都】【不】【称】【职】【的】【人】【士】【来】【说】【,】【总】【是】【一】【件】【快】【事】【吧】【。】【最】【后】【我】【离】【开】【他】【时】【,】【他】【的】【副】【手】【引】【我】【绕】【过】【车】【轮】【马】【蹄】【,】【一】【直】【把】【我】【送】【到】【人】【行】【道】【上】【,】【这】【时】【我】【有】【一】【种】【感】【觉】【,】【觉】【得】【我】【的】【周】【围】【的】【确】【都】【是】【好】【人】【。】【上】【周】【日】【的】【晚】【上】【,】【我】【曾】【步】【行】【一】【英】【里】【回】【到】【我】【的】【寓】【所】【,】【一】【路】【上】【,】【我】【每】【碰】【到】【一】【个】【人】【就】【向】【他】【问】【路】【。】【但】【是】【没】【有】【一】【个】【人】【给】【予】【粗】【鲁】【甚】【至】【仓】【促】【的】【回】【答】【:】【每】【个】【人】【都】【是】【彬】【彬】【有】【礼】【,】【俏】【皮】【风】【趣】【,】【谈】【古】【论】【今】【,】【有】【说】【有】【笑】【。】【我】【们】【这】【个】【民】【族】【确】【实】【是】【个】【友】【好】【的】【民】【族】【,】【能】【体】【会】【这】【一】【点】【,】【即】【使】【遇】【上】【一】【次】【雾】【天】【,】【也】【是】【值】【得】【的】【。】【雾】【的】【另】【外】【一】【种】【乐】【趣】【,】【就】【如】【同】【我】【们】【听】【到】【某】【个】【百】【万】【富】【翁】【摔】【断】【了】【腿】【时】【所】【感】【到】【的】【那】【种】【乐】【趣】【相】【差】【无】【几】【,】【只】【是】【比】【较】【温】【和】【而】【已】【。】【那】【种】【命】【运】【特】【别】【好】【的】【人】【往】【往】【并】【不】【快】【乐】【,】【即】【使】【健】【康】【良】【好】【也】【不】【能】【把】【它】【驱】【除】【掉】【。】【在】【某】【个】【街】【区】【的】【一】【辆】【宽】【敞】【的】【布】【鲁】【厄】【姆】【马】【车】【上】【坐】【着】【一】【位】【派】【头】【十】【足】【的】【老】【头】【,】【他】【口】【吐】【白】【沫】【。】【看】【到】【这】【个】【情】【景】【,】【人】【们】【不】【禁】【会】【想】【,】【在】【这】【件】【事】【上】【,】【命】【运】【总】【算】【暂】【时】【是】【公】【平】【的】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【这】【些】【就】【是】【我】【们】【在】【一】【场】【伦】【敦】【的】【雾】【中】【所】【找】【到】【的】【一】【些】【乐】【趣】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】石蒜图片【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【A】【s】【 】【a】【 】【c】【i】【t】【y】【,】【 】【R】【o】【m】【e】【 】【d】【e】【v】【e】【l】【o】【p】【e】【d】【 】【s】【l】【o】【w】【l】【y】【.】【 】【F】【o】【r】【 】【m】【a】【n】【y】【,】【 】【m】【a】【n】【y】【 】【y】【e】【a】【r】【s】【,】【v】【i】【l】【l】【a】【g】【e】【s】【 】【d】【o】【t】【t】【e】【d】【<】【s】【u】【p】【>】【1】【<】【/】【s】【u】【p】【>】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【t】【o】【p】【s】【 】【o】【f】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【h】【i】【l】【l】【s】【 】【a】【l】【o】【n】【g】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【T】【i】【b】【e】【r】【 】【R】【i】【v】【e】【r】【,】【a】【n】【d】【 】【n】【o】【t】【 】【m】【u】【c】【h】【 】【e】【f】【f】【o】【r】【t】【 】【w】【a】【s】【 】【m】【a】【d】【e】【 】【a】【m】【o】【n】【g】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【p】【e】【o】【p】【l】【e】【 】【w】【h】【o】【 】【l】【i】【v】【e】【d】【 】【o】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【m】【 】【t】【o】【 】【c】【o】【m】【m】【u】【n】【i】【c】【a】【t】【e】【 】【f】【o】【r】【 】【b】【u】【s】【i】【n】【e】【s】【s】【 】【o】【r】【 】【r】【e】【l】【i】【g】【i】【o】【u】【s】【 】【p】【u】【r】【p】【o】【s】【e】【s】【.】【W】【h】【e】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【E】【t】【r】【u】【s】【c】【a】【n】【s】【 】【(】【伊】【特】【鲁】【里】【亚】【人】【 】【)】【 】【s】【e】【i】【z】【e】【d】【 】【t】【h】【e】【s】【e】【 】【v】【i】【l】【l】【a】【g】【e】【s】【,】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【a】【r】【e】【a】【 】【w】【a】【s】【 】【t】【r】【a】【n】【s】【f】【o】【r】【m】【e】【d】【<】【s】【u】【p】【>】【2】【<】【/】【s】【u】【p】【>】【 】【i】【n】【t】【o】【 】【a】【n】【 】【u】【r】【b】【a】【n】【 】【u】【n】【i】【t】【.】【T】【h】【e】【 】【E】【t】【r】【u】【s】【c】【a】【n】【s】【 】【b】【u】【i】【l】【t】【 】【a】【 】【g】【r】【e】【a】【t】【 】【t】【e】【m】【p】【l】【e】【 】【t】【o】【 】【J】【u】【p】【i】【t】【e】【r】【(】【朱】【庇】【特】【)】【 】【o】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【C】【a】【p】【i】【t】【o】【l】【i】【n】【e】【 】【H】【i】【l】【l】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【d】【r】【a】【i】【n】【e】【d】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【f】【o】【r】【u】【m】【 】【a】【r】【e】【a】【.】【 】【T】【h】【e】【 】【C】【i】【r】【c】【u】【s】【 】【M】【a】【x】【i】【m】【u】【s】【 】【(】【大】【竞】【技】【场】【)】【,】【 】【w】【h】【i】【c】【h】【 】【w】【a】【s】【 】【l】【o】【c】【a】【t】【e】【d】【 】【i】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【v】【a】【l】【l】【e】【y】【 】【b】【e】【t】【w】【e】【e】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【P】【a】【l】【a】【t】【i】【n】【e】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【A】【v】【e】【n】【t】【i】【n】【e】【 】【h】【i】【l】【l】【s】【,】【b】【e】【c】【a】【m】【e】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【c】【i】【t】【y】【"】【s】【 】【m】【a】【j】【o】【r】【 】【s】【p】【o】【r】【t】【i】【n】【g】【 】【a】【r】【e】【n】【a】【.】【C】【o】【n】【s】【t】【r】【u】【c】【t】【i】【o】【n】【 】【c】【o】【n】【t】【i】【n】【u】【e】【d】【 】【e】【v】【e】【n】【 】【a】【f】【t】【e】【r】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【f】【a】【l】【l】【 】【o】【f】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【m】【o】【n】【a】【r】【c】【h】【y】【(】【君】【主】【制】【)】【 】【i】【n】【 】【5】【1】【0】【 】【B】【.】【C】【.】【 】【T】【e】【m】【p】【l】【e】【s】【 】【w】【e】【r】【e】【 】【b】【u】【i】【l】【t】【 】【e】【v】【e】【r】【y】【w】【h】【e】【r】【e】【,】【b】【u】【t】【 】【e】【s】【p】【e】【c】【i】【a】【l】【l】【y】【 】【i】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【f】【o】【r】【u】【m】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【o】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【A】【v】【e】【n】【t】【i】【n】【e】【,】【 】【C】【a】【p】【i】【t】【o】【l】【i】【n】【e】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【Q】【u】【i】【r】【i】【n】【a】【l】【 】【h】【i】【l】【l】【s】【.】【 】【A】【l】【o】【n】【g】【s】【i】【d】【e】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【r】【i】【v】【e】【r】【,】【v】【e】【g】【e】【t】【a】【b】【l】【e】【s】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【c】【a】【t】【t】【l】【e】【 】【w】【e】【r】【e】【 】【s】【o】【l】【d】【 】【i】【n】【 】【m】【a】【r】【k】【e】【t】【s】【 】【t】【h】【a】【t】【 】【e】【v】【e】【n】【t】【u】【a】【l】【l】【y】【 】【d】【e】【v】【e】【l】【o】【p】【e】【d】【 】【i】【n】【t】【o】【 】【n】【e】【i】【g】【h】【b】【o】【r】【h】【o】【o】【d】【s】【 】【w】【i】【t】【h】【 】【t】【h】【e】【i】【r】【 】【o】【w】【n】【 】【i】【d】【e】【n】【t】【i】【t】【y】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【t】【e】【m】【p】【l】【e】【s】【.】【T】【o】【 】【s】【u】【p】【p】【o】【r】【t】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【i】【n】【c】【r】【e】【a】【s】【i】【n】【g】【 】【c】【o】【m】【m】【e】【r】【c】【i】【a】【l】【 】【a】【c】【t】【i】【v】【i】【t】【y】【,】【 】【w】【a】【r】【e】【h】【o】【u】【s】【e】【s】【<】【s】【u】【p】【>】【3】【<】【/】【s】【u】【p】【>】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【d】【o】【c】【k】【-】【 】【y】【a】【r】【d】【s】【(】【船】【厂】【)】【 】【w】【e】【r】【e】【 】【b】【u】【i】【l】【t】【 】【a】【l】【o】【n】【g】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【r】【i】【v】【e】【r】【.】【 】【E】【v】【e】【r】【y】【w】【h】【e】【r】【e】【,】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【l】【a】【r】【g】【e】【 】【h】【o】【m】【e】【s】【 】【o】【f】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【r】【i】【c】【h】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【a】【p】【a】【r】【t】【m】【e】【n】【t】【s】【 】【f】【o】【r】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【p】【o】【o】【r】【 】【h】【o】【u】【s】【e】【d】【 】【a】【 】【g】【r】【o】【w】【i】【n】【g】【 】【p】【o】【p】【u】【l】【a】【-】【t】【i】【o】【n】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【T】【h】【e】【n】【 】【c】【a】【m】【e】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【G】【a】【l】【l】【i】【c】【 】【(】【高】【卢】【人】【)】【s】【a】【c】【k】【 】【o】【f】【 】【R】【o】【m】【e】【 】【i】【n】【 】【3】【9】【0】【 】【B】【.】【C】【.】【W】【h】【i】【l】【e】【 】【i】【t】【 】【c】【l】【e】【a】【r】【l】【y】【 】【p】【r】【o】【v】【e】【d】【 】【t】【h】【a】【t】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【c】【i】【t】【y】【 】【w】【a】【s】【 】【n】【o】【t】【 】【i】【n】【v】【i】【n】【c】【i】【b】【l】【e】【<】【s】【u】【p】【>】【4】【<】【/】【s】【u】【p】【>】【,】【 】【i】【t】【 】【a】【l】【s】【o】【 】【h】【a】【d】【 】【a】【 】【d】【r】【a】【s】【t】【i】【c】【 】【(】【彻】【底】【的】【)】【e】【f】【f】【e】【c】【t】【 】【o】【n】【 】【b】【u】【i】【l】【d】【i】【n】【g】【 】【c】【h】【o】【i】【c】【e】【s】【.】【 】【F】【o】【r】【 】【s】【e】【c】【u】【r】【i】【t】【y】【 】【r】【e】【a】【s】【o】【n】【s】【,】【 】【p】【u】【b】【l】【i】【c】【 】【o】【f】【f】【i】【c】【i】【a】【l】【s】【 】【h】【a】【d】【 】【m】【a】【s】【o】【n】【s】【(】【石】【匠】【)】【 】【c】【o】【n】【s】【t】【r】【u】【c】【t】【 】【s】【t】【o】【n】【e】【 】【w】【a】【l】【l】【s】【 】【a】【r】【o】【u】【n】【d】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【c】【i】【t】【y】【.】【 】【I】【n】【c】【l】【u】【d】【e】【d】【w】【i】【t】【h】【i】【n】【w】【e】【r】【e】【t】【h】【e】【s】【e】【v】【e】【n】【h】【i】【l】【l】【s】【—】【—】【A】【v】【e】【n】【t】【i】【n】【e】【,】【 】【C】【a】【e】【l】【i】【a】【n】【,】【 】【C】【a】【p】【i】【t】【o】【l】【i】【n】【e】【,】【 】【E】【s】【q】【u】【i】【l】【i】【n】【e】【,】【 】【P】【a】【l】【a】【t】【i】【n】【e】【,】【 】【Q】【u】【i】【r】【i】【n】【a】【l】【,】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【V】【i】【m】【i】【n】【a】【l】【.】【E】【x】【c】【l】【u】【d】【e】【d】【 】【w】【e】【r】【e】【 】【p】【u】【b】【l】【i】【c】【 】【a】【r】【e】【a】【s】【 】【s】【u】【c】【h】【 】【a】【s】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【C】【a】【m】【p】【u】【s】【 】【M】【a】【r】【t】【i】【u】【s】【(】【战】【神】【广】【场】【)】【 】【t】【h】【a】【t】【 】【l】【a】【y】【 】【a】【l】【o】【n】【g】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【T】【i】【b】【e】【r】【 】【R】【i】【v】【e】【r】【,】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【J】【a】【n】【i】【c】【u】【l】【u】【m】【 】【H】【i】【l】【l】【 】【o】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【o】【t】【h】【e】【r】【 】【s】【i】【d】【e】【 】【o】【f】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【r】【i】【v】【e】【r】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【B】【e】【c】【a】【u】【s】【e】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【p】【o】【s】【s】【i】【b】【i】【l】【i】【t】【i】【e】【s】【 】【f】【o】【r】【 】【c】【o】【n】【s】【t】【r】【u】【c】【t】【i】【o】【n】【 】【w】【i】【t】【h】【i】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【c】【i】【t】【y】【 】【p】【r】【o】【p】【e】【r】【 】【w】【e】【r】【e】【 】【l】【i】【m】【i】【t】【e】【d】【,】【 】【f】【u】【t】【u】【r】【e】【 】【d】【e】【v】【e】【l】【o】【p】【m】【e】【n】【t】【 】【w】【o】【u】【l】【d】【 】【h】【a】【v】【e】【 】【t】【o】【 】【o】【c】【c】【u】【r】【 】【o】【u】【t】【s】【i】【d】【e】【.】【 】【D】【u】【r】【i】【n】【g】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【R】【e】【p】【u】【b】【l】【i】【c】【(】【共】【和】【政】【体】【)】【,】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【a】【r】【e】【a】【 】【k】【n】【o】【w】【n】【 】【a】【s】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【C】【a】【m】【p】【u】【s】【 】【M】【a】【r】【t】【i】【u】【s】【 】【b】【e】【c】【a】【m】【e】【 】【a】【 】【m】【a】【j】【o】【r】【 】【b】【u】【i】【l】【d】【i】【n】【g】【 】【s】【i】【t】【e】【.】【T】【o】【 】【h】【e】【l】【p】【 】【c】【o】【m】【m】【u】【n】【i】【c】【a】【t】【i】【o】【n】【 】【a】【c】【r】【o】【s】【s】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【T】【i】【b】【e】【r】【 】【R】【i】【v】【e】【r】【,】【 】【b】【r】【i】【d】【g】【e】【s】【 】【w】【e】【r】【e】【 】【c】【o】【n】【s】【t】【r】【u】【c】【t】【e】【d】【.】【 】【E】【n】【o】【r】【m】【o】【u】【s】【 】【a】【q】【u】【e】【d】【u】【c】【t】【s】【<】【s】【u】【p】【>】【5】【<】【/】【s】【u】【p】【>】【 】【h】【e】【l】【p】【e】【d】【 】【m】【e】【e】【t】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【c】【i】【t】【y】【"】【s】【 】【g】【r】【o】【w】【i】【n】【g】【 】【n】【e】【e】【d】【 】【f】【o】【r】【 】【w】【a】【t】【e】【r】【.】【 】【V】【i】【c】【t】【o】【r】【y】【 】【i】【n】【 】【w】【a】【r】【 】【r】【e】【s】【u】【l】【t】【e】【d】【 】【i】【n】【 】【n】【e】【w】【 】【t】【e】【m】【p】【l】【e】【s】【,】【n】【e】【w】【 】【g】【a】【m】【e】【 】【f】【a】【c】【i】【l】【i】【t】【i】【e】【s】【,】【 】【t】【h】【e】【a】【t】【e】【r】【-】【t】【y】【p】【e】【 】【s】【t】【r】【u】【c】【t】【u】【r】【e】【s】【 】【t】【o】【 】【h】【o】【s】【t】【 】【p】【r】【o】【d】【u】【c】【t】【i】【o】【n】【s】【,】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【m】【u】【s】【e】【-】【 】【u】【m】【s】【.】【 】【M】【a】【n】【y】【 】【o】【f】【 】【t】【h】【e】【s】【e】【 】【w】【e】【r】【e】【 】【b】【u】【i】【l】【t】【 】【a】【l】【o】【n】【g】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【t】【r】【a】【d】【i】【t】【i】【o】【n】【a】【l】【 】【p】【a】【-】【r】【a】【d】【e】【 】【r】【o】【u】【t】【e】【<】【s】【u】【p】【>】【6】【<】【/】【s】【u】【p】【>】【 】【f】【o】【r】【 】【r】【e】【l】【i】【g】【i】【o】【u】【s】【 】【f】【e】【s】【t】【i】【v】【a】【l】【s】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【f】【o】【r】【 】【t】【r】【i】【u】【m】【p】【h】【s】【.】【 】【T】【h】【e】【 】【r】【o】【u】【t】【e】【 】【w】【e】【n】【t】【 】【f】【r】【o】【m】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【C】【a】【m】【p】【u】【s】【 】【M】【a】【r】【t】【i】【u】【s】【 】【a】【r】【o】【u】【n】【d】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【P】【a】【l】【a】【-】【t】【i】【n】【e】【 】【H】【i】【l】【l】【 】【t】【o】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【C】【a】【p】【i】【t】【o】【l】【i】【n】【e】【 】【H】【i】【l】【l】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【R】【e】【p】【u】【b】【l】【i】【c】【a】【n】【 】【R】【o】【m】【e】【 】【w】【a】【s】【,】【 】【b】【y】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【t】【i】【m】【e】【 】【o】【f】【 】【J】【u】【l】【i】【u】【s】【 】【C】【a】【e】【-】【s】【a】【r】【,】【 】【a】【 】【c】【o】【l】【l】【a】【g】【e】【<】【s】【u】【p】【>】【7】【<】【/】【s】【u】【p】【>】【 】【o】【f】【 】【o】【l】【d】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【n】【e】【w】【 】【b】【u】【i】【l】【d】【i】【n】【g】【—】【—】【a】【 】【r】【i】【v】【e】【r】【s】【i】【d】【e】【 】【c】【i】【t】【y】【 】【t】【h】【a】【t】【 】【h】【a】【d】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【l】【o】【o】【k】【 】【o】【f】【 】【p】【r】【o】【s】【p】【e】【r】【i】【t】【y】【<】【s】【u】【p】【>】【8】【<】【/】【s】【u】【p】【>】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【p】【o】【t】【e】【n】【t】【i】【a】【l】【 】【f】【o】【r】【 】【f】【u】【-】【t】【u】【r】【e】【 】【g】【r】【a】【n】【d】【e】【u】【r】【(】【辉】【煌】【)】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【作】【为】【一】【座】【城】【市】【,】【罗】【马】【发】【展】【缓】【慢】【,】【在】【很】【长】【时】【间】【内】【,】【沿】【着】【台】【伯】【河】【的】【山】【丘】【上】【零】【星】【分】【布】【着】【一】【些】【村】【庄】【;】【各】【个】【村】【子】【里】【的】【居】【民】【很】【少】【往】【来】【;】【彼】【此】【之】【间】【也】【不】【做】【生】【意】【或】【从】【事】【宗】【教】【活】【动】【。】【伊】【特】【鲁】【里】【亚】【人】【夺】【取】【了】【这】【些】【村】【庄】【之】【后】【,】【这】【个】【地】【区】【才】【形】【成】【一】【个】【统】【一】【的】【城】【区】【。】【伊】【特】【鲁】【里】【亚】【人】【在】【卡】【皮】【托】【利】【尼】【山】【上】【给】【朱】【庇】【特】【(】【古】【罗】【马】【的】【保】【护】【神】【)】【建】【了】【一】【座】【大】【庙】【,】【并】【把】【广】【场】【地】【区】【的】【水】【排】【干】【。】【在】【帕】【拉】【蒂】【尼】【和】【阿】【文】【蒂】【尼】【山】【谷】【之】【间】【的】【大】【竞】【技】【场】【成】【了】【城】【市】【的】【主】【要】【运】【动】【场】【所】【。】【公】【元】【前】【5】【1】【0】【年】【,】【王】【权】【崩】【溃】【之】【后】【,】【建】【设】【仍】【然】【持】【续】【。】【人】【们】【到】【处】【建】【神】【庙】【,】【特】【别】【是】【在】【广】【场】【地】【区】【、】【在】【阿】【文】【蒂】【尼】【山】【、】【卡】【皮】【托】【利】【尼】【山】【和】【奎】【里】【钠】【尔】【山】【等】【处】【。】【沿】【着】【台】【伯】【河】【,】【人】【们】【在】【各】【个】【市】【场】【上】【销】【售】【蔬】【菜】【和】【牲】【畜】【。】【这】【些】【市】【场】【后】【来】【发】【展】【成】【各】【有】【特】【色】【并】【拥】【有】【自】【己】【庙】【宇】【群】【的】【居】【民】【区】【。】【为】【了】【支】【持】【日】【益】【发】【展】【的】【商】【业】【活】【动】【,】【人】【们】【开】【始】【沿】【河】【建】【造】【仓】【库】【和】【船】【厂】【。】【随】【着】【人】【口】【的】【增】【加】【,】【各】【处】【都】【出】【现】【了】【富】【人】【的】【大】【宅】【院】【和】【穷】【人】【的】【共】【住】【房】【屋】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【公】【元】【前】【3】【9】【0】【年】【,】【发】【生】【了】【高】【卢】【人】【对】【罗】【马】【的】【洗】【劫】【。】【这】【个】【事】【件】【清】【楚】【表】【明】【,】【罗】【马】【城】【不】【是】【不】【可】【征】【服】【的】【,】【同】【时】【也】【对】【罗】【马】【的】【建】【筑】【风】【格】【产】【生】【了】【重】【大】【影】【响】【。】【出】【于】【安】【全】【的】【原】【因】【,】【官】【员】【们】【命】【令】【工】【匠】【在】【城】【市】【周】【边】【建】【造】【石】【头】【城】【墙】【。】【七】【座】【山】【丘】【—】【—】【阿】【文】【蒂】【尼】【、】【卡】【埃】【利】【安】【、】【卡】【皮】【托】【利】【尼】【、】【埃】【斯】【奎】【利】【尼】【、】【帕】【拉】【蒂】【尼】【、】【奎】【里】【纳】【尔】【和】【维】【米】【纳】【尔】【都】【围】【在】【里】【面】【。】【而】【一】【些】【公】【共】【地】【区】【,】【例】【如】【台】【伯】【河】【边】【的】【战】【神】【广】【场】【还】【有】【河】【对】【岸】【的】【詹】【尼】【库】【林】【山】【,】【则】【没】【有】【围】【在】【城】【墙】【之】【内】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【由】【于】【城】【内】【建】【设】【空】【间】【有】【限】【,】【城】【市】【将】【来】【的】【发】【展】【必】【定】【在】【城】【外】【。】【共】【和】【时】【期】【,】【战】【神】【广】【场】【地】【区】【成】【为】【主】【要】【的】【建】【筑】【工】【地】【。】【为】【了】【方】【便】【过】【台】【伯】【河】【,】【人】【们】【建】【了】【一】【些】【桥】【梁】【。】【还】【修】【建】【大】【水】【渠】【以】【满】【足】【城】【市】【用】【水】【。】【打】【胜】【仗】【便】【建】【新】【的】【神】【庙】【、】【新】【的】【竞】【技】【场】【所】【、】【演】【出】【用】【剧】【场】【建】【筑】【和】【博】【物】【馆】【。】【许】【多】【这】【类】【建】【筑】【都】【是】【沿】【着】【传】【统】【的】【宗】【教】【庆】【典】【和】【庆】【祝】【胜】【利】【的】【游】【行】【路】【线】【建】【造】【的】【。】【这】【条】【路】【线】【从】【帕】【拉】【蒂】【尼】【山】【附】【近】【的】【战】【神】【广】【场】【一】【直】【延】【伸】【到】【卡】【皮】【托】【利】【尼】【山】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【到】【尤】【利】【乌】【斯】【·】【凯】【撒】【时】【期】【,】【共】【和】【罗】【马】【是】【新】【老】【建】【筑】【的】【大】【集】【合】【,】【是】【一】【个】【沿】【河】【兴】【建】【的】【繁】【荣】【城】【市】【,】【也】【是】【一】【个】【有】【着】【辉】【煌】【未】【来】【的】【城】【市】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【注】【释】【:】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【.】【d】【o】【t】【 】【v】【t】【.】【星】【罗】【棋】【布】【,】【点】【缀】【 】【2】【.】【t】【r】【a】【n】【s】【f】【o】【r】【m】【v】【i】【 】【改】【观】【,】【改】【变】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【3】【.】【w】【a】【r】【e】【h】【o】【u】【s】【e】【 】【n】【.】【仓】【库】【4】【.】【i】【n】【v】【i】【n】【c】【i】【b】【l】【e】【 】【a】【d】【j】【.】【不】【可】【战】【胜】【的】【,】【不】【能】【征】【服】【的】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【5】【.】【a】【q】【u】【e】【d】【u】【c】【t】【 】【n】【.】【沟】【渠】【6】【.】【r】【o】【u】【t】【e】【n】【.】【路】【线】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【7】【.】【c】【o】【l】【l】【a】【g】【e】【n】【.】【大】【杂】【烩】【 】【8】【.】【p】【r】【o】【s】【p】【e】【r】【i】【t】【y】【 】【n】【.】【兴】【旺】【,】【繁】【荣】【<】【b】【r】【>】

【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【D】【u】【r】【i】【n】【g】【 】【m】【i】【l】【l】【i】【o】【n】【s】【 】【o】【f】【 】【y】【e】【a】【r】【s】【 】【o】【f】【 】【e】【v】【o】【l】【u】【t】【i】【o】【n】【2】【,】【 】【a】【n】【t】【s】【 】【h】【a】【v】【e】【 】【d】【e】【v】【e】【l】【o】【p】【e】【d】【 】【i】【n】【t】【r】【i】【g】【u】【i】【n】【g】【3】【 】【r】【e】【l】【a】【t】【i】【o】【n】【s】【h】【i】【p】【s】【 】【w】【i】【t】【h】【 】【m】【a】【n】【y】【 】【d】【i】【f】【f】【e】【r】【e】【n】【t】【 】【k】【i】【n】【d】【s】【 】【o】【f】【 】【p】【l】【a】【n】【t】【s】【.】【M】【o】【s】【t】【 】【o】【f】【 】【t】【h】【e】【s】【e】【 】【a】【s】【s】【o】【c】【i】【a】【t】【i】【o】【n】【s】【4】【 】【a】【r】【e】【 】【l】【o】【o】【s】【e】【 】【o】【n】【e】【s】【 】【-】【-】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【a】【n】【t】【s】【 】【f】【i】【n】【d】【 】【d】【w】【e】【l】【l】【i】【n】【g】【5】【 】【p】【l】【a】【c】【e】【s】【 】【o】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【p】【l】【a】【n】【t】【s】【,】【w】【h】【i】【l】【e】【 】【b】【r】【i】【n】【g】【i】【n】【g】【 】【n】【e】【i】【t】【h】【e】【r】【 】【h】【a】【r】【m】【 】【n】【o】【r】【 】【b】【e】【n】【e】【f】【i】【t】【 】【t】【o】【 】【t】【h】【e】【m】【.】【 】【O】【f】【t】【e】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【a】【n】【t】【s】【 】【l】【i】【v】【e】【 】【i】【n】【 】【h】【o】【l】【l】【o】【w】【 】【d】【e】【a】【d】【 】【s】【t】【e】【m】【s】【 】【o】【r】【 】【s】【m】【a】【l】【l】【 】【p】【o】【c】【k】【e】【t】【s】【 】【o】【f】【 】【s】【o】【i】【l】【 】【t】【h】【a】【t】【 】【a】【c】【c】【u】【m】【u】【l】【a】【t】【e】【6】【 】【o】【n】【 】【b】【r】【a】【n】【c】【h】【e】【s】【.】【 】【T】【h】【u】【s】【 】【a】【n】【t】【s】【 】【i】【n】【h】【a】【b】【i】【t】【 】【t】【r】【e】【e】【s】【 】【o】【v】【e】【r】【 】【o】【u】【r】【 】【h】【e】【a】【d】【s】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【h】【e】【r】【b】【s】【 】【a】【t】【 】【o】【u】【r】【 】【f】【e】【e】【t】【,】【c】【a】【r】【v】【i】【n】【g】【 】【o】【u】【t】【 】【l】【i】【v】【i】【n】【g】【 】【c】【h】【a】【m】【b】【e】【r】【s】【7】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【f】【o】【r】【a】【g】【i】【n】【g】【8】【 】【f】【o】【r】【 】【f】【o】【o】【d】【.】【 】【A】【s】【 】【m】【a】【n】【y】【 】【a】【s】【 】【7】【2】【 】【d】【i】【f】【f】【e】【r】【e】【n】【t】【 】【s】【p】【e】【c】【i】【e】【s】【 】【o】【f】【 】【a】【n】【t】【s】【 】【h】【a】【v】【e】【 】【b】【e】【e】【n】【 】【f】【o】【u】【n】【d】【 】【l】【i】【v】【i】【n】【g】【 】【o】【n】【 】【o】【n】【e】【 】【t】【r】【e】【e】【 】【i】【n】【 】【P】【e】【r】【u】【"】【s】【 】【A】【m】【a】【z】【o】【n】【 】【B】【a】【s】【i】【n】【 】【a】【l】【o】【n】【e】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【H】【o】【w】【e】【v】【e】【r】【,】【 】【i】【n】【 】【s】【o】【m】【e】【 】【r】【e】【l】【a】【t】【i】【o】【n】【s】【h】【i】【p】【s】【 】【b】【e】【t】【w】【e】【e】【n】【 】【a】【n】【t】【s】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【p】【l】【a】【n】【t】【s】【 】【b】【o】【t】【h】【 】【s】【i】【d】【e】【s】【 】【g】【i】【v】【e】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【g】【e】【t】【.】【 】【T】【h】【e】【 】【p】【l】【a】【n】【t】【s】【 】【i】【n】【 】【s】【u】【c】【h】【 】【m】【u】【t】【u】【a】【l】【i】【s】【t】【i】【c】【 】【p】【a】【r】【t】【n】【e】【r】【s】【h】【i】【p】【s】【 】【a】【r】【e】【 】【c】【a】【l】【l】【e】【d】【 】【a】【n】【t】【-】【p】【l】【a】【n】【t】【s】【.】【 】【M】【a】【n】【y】【 】【o】【f】【 】【t】【h】【e】【m】【 】【a】【r】【e】【 】【b】【e】【a】【u】【t】【i】【f】【u】【l】【 】【e】【x】【a】【m】【p】【l】【e】【s】【 】【o】【f】【 】【c】【o】【e】【v】【o】【l】【u】【t】【i】【o】【n】【,】【 】【h】【a】【v】【i】【n】【g】【 】【a】【d】【a】【p】【t】【e】【d】【9】【 】【t】【o】【g】【e】【t】【h】【e】【r】【 】【w】【i】【t】【h】【 】【t】【h】【e】【i】【r】【 】【a】【n】【t】【 】【p】【a】【r】【t】【n】【e】【r】【s】【 】【t】【o】【 】【t】【h】【r】【i】【v】【e】【 】【i】【n】【 】【n】【u】【t】【r】【i】【e】【n】【t】【-】【p】【o】【o】【r】【 】【a】【r】【e】【a】【s】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【I】【n】【 】【a】【n】【t】【-】【p】【l】【a】【n】【t】【 】【r】【e】【l】【a】【t】【i】【o】【n】【s】【h】【i】【p】【s】【 】【a】【n】【t】【s】【 】【p】【r】【o】【v】【i】【d】【e】【 】【n】【u】【t】【r】【i】【e】【n】【t】【s】【,】【p】【r】【o】【t】【e】【c】【t】【i】【o】【n】【,】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【h】【o】【u】【s】【e】【k】【e】【e】【p】【i】【n】【g】【 】【t】【o】【 】【p】【l】【a】【n】【t】【s】【.】【 】【P】【l】【a】【n】【t】【s】【 】【p】【r】【o】【v】【i】【d】【e】【 】【f】【o】【o】【d】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【s】【h】【e】【l】【t】【e】【r】【1】【0】【 】【t】【o】【 】【a】【n】【t】【s】【.】【S】【o】【m】【e】【 】【a】【n】【t】【s】【 】【i】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【s】【e】【 】【t】【y】【p】【e】【s】【 】【o】【f】【 】【r】【e】【l】【a】【t】【i】【o】【n】【s】【h】【i】【p】【s】【 】【s】【e】【r】【v】【e】【 】【t】【h】【e】【i】【r】【 】【h】【o】【s】【t】【s】【 】【a】【s】【 】【d】【e】【v】【o】【t】【e】【d】【 】【s】【e】【n】【t】【i】【n】【e】【l】【s】【1】【1】【,】【r】【e】【p】【e】【l】【l】【i】【n】【g】【1】【2】【 】【o】【r】【 】【k】【i】【l】【l】【i】【n】【g】【 】【u】【n】【w】【e】【l】【c】【o】【m】【e】【 】【i】【n】【t】【r】【u】【d】【e】【r】【s】【1】【3】【 】【s】【u】【c】【h】【 】【a】【s】【 】【b】【e】【e】【t】【l】【e】【s】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【c】【a】【t】【e】【r】【p】【i】【l】【l】【a】【r】【s】【1】【4】【.】【 】【O】【t】【h】【e】【r】【s】【 】【f】【e】【r】【t】【i】【l】【i】【z】【e】【 】【t】【h】【e】【i】【r】【 】【h】【o】【s】【t】【s】【 】【w】【i】【t】【h】【 】【w】【a】【s】【t】【e】【 】【f】【r】【o】【m】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【f】【o】【o】【d】【 】【t】【h】【e】【y】【 】【d】【r】【a】【g】【 】【h】【o】【m】【e】【 】【t】【o】【 】【e】【a】【t】【.】【 】【I】【n】【 】【r】【e】【t】【u】【r】【n】【,】【 】【m】【a】【n】【y】【 】【p】【l】【a】【n】【t】【s】【 】【h】【a】【v】【e】【 】【e】【v】【o】【l】【v】【e】【d】【 】【s】【p】【e】【c】【i】【a】【l】【 】【s】【t】【r】【u】【c】【t】【u】【r】【e】【s】【 】【t】【o】【 】【h】【o】【u】【s】【e】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【f】【e】【e】【d】【 】【a】【n】【t】【 】【c】【o】【l】【o】【n】【i】【e】【s】【,】【 】【i】【n】【c】【l】【u】【d】【i】【n】【g】【 】【l】【e】【a】【v】【e】【s】【 】【w】【i】【t】【h】【 】【h】【o】【l】【l】【o】【w】【 】【c】【a】【v】【i】【t】【i】【e】【s】【1】【5】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【s】【e】【e】【d】【s】【 】【w】【i】【t】【h】【 】【e】【d】【i】【b】【l】【e】【 】【c】【o】【a】【t】【i】【n】【g】【s】【 】【o】【r】【 】【a】【t】【t】【a】【c】【h】【m】【e】【n】【t】【s】【.】【 】【F】【r】【e】【q】【u】【e】【n】【t】【l】【y】【 】【p】【l】【a】【n】【t】【s】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【a】【n】【t】【s】【 】【b】【e】【c】【o】【m】【e】【 】【s】【o】【 】【d】【e】【p】【e】【n】【d】【e】【n】【t】【 】【o】【n】【 】【o】【n】【e】【 】【a】【n】【o】【t】【h】【e】【r】【 】【t】【h】【a】【t】【 】【t】【h】【e】【y】【 】【c】【a】【n】【n】【o】【t】【 】【l】【i】【v】【e】【 】【a】【p】【a】【r】【t】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【注】【释】【:】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【.】【p】【r】【o】【f】【i】【t】【a】【b】【l】【e】【 】【a】【d】【j】【.】【有】【益】【的】【,】【有】【用】【的】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【2】【.】【e】【v】【o】【l】【u】【t】【i】【o】【n】【 】【n】【.】【[】【生】【]】【进】【化】【,】【进】【化】【论】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【3】【.】【i】【n】【t】【r】【i】【g】【u】【i】【n】【g】【 】【a】【d】【j】【.】【引】【起】【好】【奇】【心】【(】【或】【兴】【趣】【的】【)】【,】【有】【迷】【惑】【力】【的】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【4】【.】【a】【s】【s】【o】【c】【i】【a】【t】【i】【o】【n】【 】【n】【.】【友】【谊】【,】【伙】【伴】【关】【系】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【5】【.】【d】【w】【e】【l】【l】【i】【n】【g】【 】【n】【.】【住】【处】【,】【住】【宅】【,】【寓】【所】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【6】【.】【a】【c】【c】【u】【m】【u】【l】【a】【t】【e】【v】【t】【.】【堆】【积】【,】【积】【聚】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【7】【.】【c】【h】【a】【m】【b】【e】【r】【n】【.】【室】【,】【寝】【室】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【8】【.】【f】【o】【r】【a】【g】【e】【 】【v】【i】【.】【搜】【寻】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【9】【.】【a】【d】【a】【p】【t】【 】【v】【i】【.】【适】【应】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【0】【.】【s】【h】【e】【l】【t】【e】【r】【 】【n】【.】【[】【美】【]】【动】【物】【的】【栖】【息】【处】【1】【1】【.】【s】【e】【n】【t】【i】【n】【e】【l】【n】【.】【 】【步】【哨】【,】【哨】【兵】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【2】【.】【r】【e】【p】【l】【e】【 】【v】【t】【.】【击】【退】【,】【逐】【回】【,】【驱】【除】【1】【3】【.】【i】【n】【t】【r】【u】【d】【e】【r】【n】【.】【侵】【入】【者】【,】【闯】【入】【者】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【4】【.】【c】【a】【t】【e】【r】【p】【i】【l】【l】【a】【r】【n】【.】【[】【昆】【]】【毛】【虫】【 】【(】【鳞】【翅】【目】【昆】【虫】【如】【蝶】【、】【蛾】【等】【的】【幼】【虫】【)】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【1】【5】【.】【c】【a】【v】【i】【t】【y】【n】【.】【洞】【,】【穴】【,】【凹】【处】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【经】【过】【几】【百】【万】【年】【的】【进】【化】【,】【蚂】【蚁】【与】【多】【种】【不】【同】【植】【物】【形】【成】【了】【十】【分】【有】【趣】【的】【关】【系】【。】【其】【中】【大】【多】【数】【关】【系】【并】【不】【紧】【密】【:】【蚂】【蚁】【在】【植】【物】【上】【寻】【找】【居】【所】【,】【而】【并】【不】【给】【植】【物】【带】【来】【利】【和】【害】【。】【蚂】【蚁】【经】【常】【栖】【于】【中】【空】【的】【植】【物】【枯】【茎】【或】【枝】【干】【上】【堆】【积】【的】【小】【土】【坑】【中】【。】【因】【此】【,】【我】【们】【头】【顶】【的】【树】【木】【和】【脚】【下】【的】【草】【丛】【中】【都】【住】【着】【蚂】【蚁】【,】【它】【们】【在】【那】【儿】【建】【造】【居】【室】【或】【搜】【寻】【食】【物】【。】【仅】【在】【秘】【鲁】【的】【亚】【马】【逊】【流】【域】【,】【一】【棵】【树】【上】【住】【的】【蚁】【类】【就】【达】【7】【2】【种】【之】【多】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【但】【是】【,】【蚂】【蚁】【与】【植】【物】【之】【间】【有】【些】【关】【系】【则】【是】【双】【方】【互】【利】【的】【。】【这】【种】【互】【利】【共】【生】【关】【系】【中】【的】【植】【物】【称】【为】【“】【蚁】【居】【植】【物】【”】【。】【大】【多】【数】【这】【种】【植】【物】【都】【是】【共】【同】【进】【化】【的】【完】【美】【样】【本】【,】【它】【们】【与】【其】【蚂】【蚁】【伙】【伴】【共】【同】【适】【应】【了】【养】【分】【匮】【乏】【的】【地】【区】【以】【求】【生】【存】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【在】【蚂】【蚁】【与】【植】【物】【的】【共】【生】【关】【系】【中】【,】【蚂】【蚁】【负】【责】【为】【植】【物】【提】【供】【养】【分】【、】【保】【卫】【及】【清】【洁】【工】【作】【;】【植】【物】【则】【为】【蚂】【蚁】【提】【供】【食】【物】【和】【居】【所】【。】【这】【种】【共】【生】【关】【系】【中】【的】【有】【些】【蚁】【类】【还】【为】【其】【宿】【主】【担】【任】【忠】【实】【的】【哨】【兵】【,】【驱】【赶】【或】【杀】【死】【诸】【如】【甲】【虫】【和】【毛】【虫】【等】【这】【些】【不】【速】【之】【客】【。】【其】【他】【蚁】【类】【把】【拖】【回】【去】【的】【食】【物】【吃】【完】【后】【排】【出】【的】【粪】【便】【可】【给】【宿】【主】【提】【供】【养】【分】【。】【作】【为】【对】【蚁】【类】【的】【回】【报】【,】【许】【多】【植】【物】【都】【进】【化】【出】【独】【特】【的】【结】【构】【,】【如】【有】【空】【穴】【的】【叶】【片】【和】【外】【皮】【或】【其】【他】【部】【分】【可】【食】【的】【种】【子】【供】【蚂】【蚁】【居】【民】【住】【和】【吃】【。】【蚂】【蚁】【和】【植】【物】【时】【常】【会】【因】【彼】【此】【太】【过】【依】【赖】【而】【无】【法】【各】【自】【生】【存】【。】【<】【b】【r】【>】石蒜图片【<】【p】【>】【我】【是】【多】【么】【怀】【念】【童】【年】【时】【期】【那】【个】【要】【风】【得】【风】【,】【要】【雨】【得】【雨】【,】【充】【满】【笑】【声】【的】【日】【子】【,】【在】【我】【身】【上】【,】【童】【年】【已】【成】【为】【了】【一】【道】【逝】【去】【的】【美】【丽】【风】【景】【&】【h】【e】【l】【l】【i】【p】【;】【&】【h】【e】【l】【l】【i】【p】【;】【<】【/】【p】【>】

石蒜图片:[修养造就人生的高度]思路造就人生作文

【<】【p】【>】【看】【到】【这】【清】【明】【景】【色】【,】【我】【不】【禁】【感】【叹】【:】【虽】【然】【人】【生】【前】【不】【管】【有】【多】【么】【伟】【大】【,】【但】【死】【后】【都】【被】【埋】【在】【这】【土】【中】【。】【但】【是】【,】【有】【的】【人】【死】【了】【比】【鸿】【毛】【还】【轻】【,】【有】【的】【却】【比】【泰】【山】【还】【重】【。】【想】【着】【想】【着】【,】【我】【叹】【息】【一】【声】【,】【吟】【出】【了】【《】【清】【明】【》】【。】【<】【/】【p】【>】石蒜图片【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【T】【h】【e】【 】【M】【a】【y】【 】【m】【o】【r】【n】【i】【n】【g】【 】【w】【a】【s】【 】【c】【a】【l】【m】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【c】【l】【o】【u】【d】【l】【e】【s】【s】【 】【i】【n】【 】【R】【o】【s】【e】【 】【C】【r】【e】【e】【k】【,】【 】【a】【 】【v】【i】【l】【-】【 】【l】【a】【g】【e】【 】【i】【n】【 】【s】【o】【u】【t】【h】【e】【r】【n】【 】【M】【i】【n】【n】【e】【s】【o】【t】【a】【"】【s】【 】【r】【u】【r】【a】【l】【 】【M】【o】【w】【e】【r】【 】【C】【o】【u】【n】【t】【y】【.】【 】【A】【t】【 】【1】【0】【:】【1】【5】【 】【L】【y】【l】【a】【 】【B】【e】【l】【l】【 】【S】【t】【o】【i】【k】【e】【,】【 】【4】【9】【,】【 】【w】【a】【s】【 】【c】【h】【a】【t】【t】【i】【n】【g】【 】【o】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【p】【h】【o】【n】【e】【 】【w】【i】【t】【h】【 】【h】【e】【r】【 】【7】【0】【-】【y】【e】【a】【r】【-】【o】【l】【d】【 】【n】【e】【i】【g】【h】【b】【o】【r】【,】【 】【V】【e】【r】【a】【 】【O】【l】【s】【o】【n】【.】【 】【L】【y】【l】【a】【 】【h】【a】【d】【 】【b】【e】【e】【n】【 】【l】【i】【v】【i】【n】【g】【 】【a】【l】【o】【n】【e】【 】【i】【n】【 】【h】【e】【r】【 】【f】【a】【r】【m】【h】【o】【u】【s】【e】【 】【s】【i】【n】【c】【e】【 】【h】【e】【r】【 】【h】【u】【s】【b】【a】【n】【d】【"】【s】【 】【d】【e】【a】【t】【h】【 】【f】【o】【u】【r】【 】【y】【e】【a】【r】【s】【 】【e】【a】【r】【l】【i】【e】【r】【,】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【V】【e】【r】【a】【"】【s】【 】【f】【r】【i】【e】【n】【d】【s】【h】【i】【p】【 】【m】【e】【a】【n】【t】【 】【a】【 】【l】【o】【t】【 】【t】【o】【 】【h】【e】【r】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【S】【u】【d】【d】【e】【n】【l】【y】【 】【L】【y】【l】【a】【 】【n】【o】【t】【i】【c】【e】【d】【 】【a】【 】【b】【r】【o】【k】【e】【n】【 】【f】【r】【o】【n】【t】【-】【d】【o】【o】【r】【 】【w】【i】【n】【d】【o】【w】【.】【 】【S】【h】【e】【 】【s】【e】【n】【s】【e】【d】【 】【a】【 】【p】【r】【e】【s】【e】【n】【c】【e】【<】【s】【u】【p】【>】【1】【<】【/】【s】【u】【p】【>】【.】【"】【O】【h】【,】【 】【m】【y】【 】【G】【o】【d】【,】【"】【 】【s】【h】【e】【 】【w】【h】【i】【s】【p】【e】【r】【e】【d】【 】【i】【n】【t】【o】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【p】【h】【o】【n】【e】【,】【 】【"】【T】【h】【e】【r】【e】【"】【s】【 】【s】【o】【m】【e】【o】【n】【e】【 】【i】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【h】【o】【u】【s】【e】【!】【"】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【T】【h】【e】【 】【c】【o】【n】【n】【e】【c】【t】【i】【o】【n】【 】【w】【a】【s】【 】【b】【r】【o】【k】【e】【n】【.】【 】【Q】【u】【i】【c】【k】【l】【y】【 】【V】【e】【r】【a】【 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】【k】【i】【t】【c】【h】【e】【n】【 】【t】【a】【b】【l】【e】【.】【 】【I】【t】【"】【s】【 】【h】【a】【p】【p】【e】【n】【i】【n】【g】【,】【 】【s】【h】【e】【 】【t】【h】【o】【u】【g】【h】【t】【.】【 】【H】【e】【"】【s】【 】【f】【i】【n】【a】【l】【l】【y】【 】【g】【o】【i】【n】【g】【 】【t】【o】【 】【k】【i】【l】【l】【 】【m】【e】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【L】【y】【l】【a】【 】【w】【a】【t】【c】【h】【e】【d】【 】【a】【s】【 】【J】【a】【c】【o】【b】【 】【H】【a】【r】【r】【i】【s】【 】【R】【e】【v】【e】【l】【e】【y】【,】【 】【4】【8】【,】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【m】【a】【n】【 】【s】【h】【e】【 】【h】【a】【d】【 】【m】【a】【r】【r】【i】【e】【d】【 】【a】【l】【m】【o】【s】【t】【 】【3】【0】【 】【y】【e】【a】【r】【s】【 】【e】【a】【r】【l】【i】【e】【r】【,】【 】【p】【a】【c】【e】【d】【 】【m】【a】【n】【i】【a】【c】【a】【l】【l】【y】【<】【s】【u】【p】【>】【9】【<】【/】【s】【u】【p】【>】【 】【b】【a】【c】【k】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【f】【o】【r】【t】【h】【.】【 】【H】【e】【 】【h】【a】【d】【 】【o】【n】【c】【e】【 】【b】【e】【e】【n】【 】【w】【e】【l】【l】【-】【s】【p】【o】【k】【e】【n】【,】【 】【s】【t】【u】【d】【i】【o】【u】【s】【,】【 】【f】【u】【n】【 】【t】【o】【 】【b】【e】【 】【w】【i】【t】【h】【.】【 】【B】【u】【t】【 】【a】【f】【t】【e】【r】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【b】【i】【r】【t】【h】【 】【o】【f】【 】【t】【h】【e】【i】【r】【 】【d】【a】【u】【g】【h】【t】【e】【r】【,】【 】【L】【i】【s】【a】【,】【 】【R】【e】【v】【e】【l】【e】【y】【"】【s】【 】【p】【e】【r】【s】【o】【n】【a】【l】【i】【t】【y】【 】【c】【h】【a】【n】【g】【e】【d】【.】【 】【H】【e】【 】【b】【e】【c】【a】【m】【e】【 】【m】【o】【o】【d】【y】【<】【s】【u】【p】【>】【1】【0】【<】【/】【s】【u】【p】【>】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【a】【b】【u】【s】【i】【v】【e】【<】【s】【u】【p】【>】【1】【1】【<】【/】【s】【u】【p】【>】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【 】【T】【e】【n】【s】【i】【o】【n】【s】【 】【b】【e】【t】【w】【e】【e】【n】【 】【t】【h】【e】【m】【 】【h】【a】【d】【 】【i】【n】【c】【r】【e】【a】【s】【e】【d】【,】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【i】【n】【 】【1】【9】【6】【0】【 】【L】【y】【l】【a】【 】【w】【a】【s】【 】【g】【r】【a】【n】【t】【e】【d】【<】【s】【u】【p】【>】【1】【2】【<】【/】【s】【u】【p】【>】【 】【a】【 】【d】【i】【v】【o】【r】【c】【e】【.】【 】【L】【a】【t】【e】【r】【 】【s】【h】【e】【 】【m】【a】【r】【r】【i】【e】【d】【 】【a】【n】【 】【o】【s】【t】【e】【o】【p】【a】【t】【h】【i】【c】【<】【s】【u】【p】【>】【1】【3】【<】【/】【s】【u】【p】【>】【 】【s】【u】【r】【g】【e】【o】【n】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【s】【e】【t】【t】【l】【e】【d】【 】【i】【n】【 】【R】【o】【s】【e】【 】【G】【r】【e】【e】【k】【.】【 】【R】【e】【v】【e】【l】【e】【y】【 】【s】【i】【m】【p】【l】【y】【 】【v】【a】【n】【i】【s】【h】【e】【d】【<】【s】【u】【p】【>】【1】【4】【<】【/】【s】【u】【p】【>】【.】【 】【I】【n】【 】【1】【9】【7】【8】【,】【 】【L】【i】【s】【a】【 】【w】【a】【s】【 】【k】【i】【l】【l】【e】【d】【 】【i】【n】【 】【a】【 】【c】【a】【r】【 】【a】【c】【c】【i】【d】【e】【n】【t】【.】【 】【F】【o】【u】【r】【 】【y】【e】【a】【r】【s】【 】【l】【a】【t】【e】【r】【,】【 】【L】【y】【l】【a】【"】【s】【 】【l】【o】【v】【i】【n】【g】【 】【h】【u】【s】【b】【a】【n】【d】【 】【d】【i】【e】【d】【 】【o】【f】【 】【c】【a】【n】【c】【e】【r】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【T】【h】【e】【n】【,】【 】【a】【f】【t】【e】【r】【 】【a】【 】【q】【u】【a】【r】【t】【e】【r】【-】【c】【e】【n】【t】【u】【r】【y】【"】【s】【 】【s】【e】【p】【a】【r】【a】【t】【i】【o】【n】【,】【 】【R】【e】【v】【e】【l】【e】【y】【,】【 】【n】【o】【w】【 】【d】【r】【i】【n】【k】【i】【n】【g】【 】【h】【e】【a】【v】【i】【l】【y】【,】【 】【b】【e】【g】【a】【n】【 】【t】【o】【 】【c】【a】【l】【l】【.】【 】【H】【e】【 】【d】【e】【m】【a】【n】【d】【e】【d】【 】【a】【 】【r】【e】【c】【o】【n】【c】【i】【l】【i】【a】【t】【i】【o】【n】【<】【s】【u】【p】【>】【1】【5】【<】【/】【s】【u】【p】【>】【.】【 】【W】【h】【e】【n】【 】【L】【y】【l】【a】【 】【r】【e】【f】【u】【s】【e】【d】【,】【 】【h】【e】【 】【b】【e】【c】【a】【m】【e】【 】【m】【o】【r】【e】【 】【t】【h】【r】【e】【a】【t】【e】【n】【i】【n】【g】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【O】【n】【e】【 】【d】【a】【y】【 】【h】【e】【 】【k】【i】【c】【k】【e】【d】【 】【i】【n】【 】【L】【y】【l】【a】【"】【s】【 】【b】【a】【s】【e】【m】【e】【n】【t】【 】【w】【i】【n】【d】【o】【w】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【o】【r】【d】【e】【r】【e】【d】【 】【h】【e】【r】【 】【t】【o】【 】【t】【a】【l】【k】【 】【w】【i】【t】【h】【 】【h】【i】【m】【.】【 】【D】【e】【s】【p】【e】【r】【a】【t】【e】【,】【 】【s】【h】【e】【 】【a】【g】【r】【e】【e】【d】【.】【 】【"】【I】【 】【r】【e】【a】【l】【l】【y】【 】【c】【a】【m】【e】【 】【t】【o】【 】【k】【i】【l】【l】【 】【y】【o】【u】【,】【"】【 】【h】【e】【 】【t】【o】【l】【d】【 】【h】【e】【r】【 】【f】【i】【n】【a】【l】【l】【y】【,】【 】【b】【r】【a】【n】【d】【i】【s】【h】【i】【n】【g】【<】【s】【u】【p】【>】【1】【6】【<】【/】【s】【u】【p】【>】【 】【a】【 】【p】【i】【s】【t】【o】【l】【.】【 】【"】【B】【u】【t】【 】【I】【"】【m】【 】【j】【u】【s】【t】【 】【n】【o】【t】【 】【r】【e】【a】【d】【y】【 】【y】【e】【t】【.】【"】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【O】【n】【c】【e】【 】【f】【r】【e】【e】【,】【 】【L】【y】【l】【a】【 】【n】【o】【t】【i】【f】【i】【e】【d】【 】【t】【h】【e】【 】【s】【h】【e】【r】【i】【f】【f】【.】【 】【R】【e】【v】【e】【l】【e】【y】【 】【w】【a】【s】【 】【a】【r】【r】【e】【s】【t】【e】【d】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【c】【h】【a】【r】【g】【e】【d】【 】【w】【i】【t】【h】【 】【f】【e】【l】【o】【n】【y】【<】【s】【u】【p】【>】【1】【7】【<】【/】【s】【u】【p】【>】【 】【a】【s】【s】【a】【u】【l】【t】【<】【s】【u】【p】【>】【1】【8】【<】【/】【s】【u】【p】【>】【.】【 】【R】【e】【l】【e】【a】【s】【e】【d】【 】【o】【n】【 】【b】【o】【n】【d】【<】【s】【u】【p】【>】【1】【9】【<】【/】【s】【u】【p】【>】【,】【 】【h】【e】【 】【f】【l】【e】【d】【.】【 】【A】【n】【 】【a】【l】【l】【-】【 】【p】【o】【i】【n】【t】【s】【 】【b】【u】【l】【l】【e】【t】【i】【o】【n】【 】【d】【e】【s】【c】【r】【i】【b】【e】【d】【 】【h】【i】【m】【 】【a】【s】【 】【a】【r】【m】【e】【d】【 】【a】【n】【d】【 】【d】【a】【n】【g】【e】【r】【o】【u】【s】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】【 】【 】【N】【o】【w】【,】【 】【s】【i】【x】【 】【w】【e】【e】【k】【s】【 】【l】【a】【t】【e】【r】【,】【 】【R】【e】【v】【e】【l】【e】【y】【 】【s】【w】【a】【g】【g】【e】【r】【e】【d】【<】【s】【u】【p】【>】【2】【0】【<】【/】【s】【u】【p】【>】【 】【b】【e】【f】【o】【r】【e】【 】【h】【e】【r】【.】【 】【"】【W】【e】【"】【l】【l】【 】【b】【o】【t】【h】【 】【b】【e】【 】【d】【e】【a】【d】【 】【b】【y】【 】【n】【i】【g】【h】【t】【f】【a】【l】【l】【,】【"】【 】【h】【e】【 】【a】【n】【n】【o】【u】【n】【c】【e】【d】【,】【 】【g】【r】【i】【n】【n】【i】【n】【g】【 】【a】【t】【 】【h】【e】【r】【 】【f】【e】【a】【r】【.】【<】【b】【r】【>】

【<】【p】【>】【雷】【惊】【天】【地】【龙】【蛇】【蛰】【,】【雨】【足】【郊】【原】【草】【木】【柔】【。】【<】【/】【p】【>】石蒜图片【<】【p】【>】【春】【,】【是】【暖】【的】【,】【太】【阳】【不】【像】【夏】【天】【那】【么】【热】【,】【又】【不】【像】【冬】【天】【那】【么】【冷】【酷】【,】【它】【在】【春】【天】【里】【总】【是】【十】【分】【温】【顺】【,】【从】【早】【到】【晚】【,】【一】【直】【照】【亮】【着】【万】【物】【,】【一】【切】【都】【显】【得】【暖】【洋】【洋】【的】【。】【春】【天】【的】【太】【阳】【像】【孩】【子】【红】【扑】【扑】【的】【脸】【蛋】【,】【让】【人】【有】【一】【种】【说】【不】【出】【来】【的】【温】【暖】【。】【<】【/】【p】【>】

石蒜图片:[描写小狗的作文50字]描写小狗的作文

【<】【p】【>】【还】【有】【一】【个】【人】【叫】【介】【子】【推】【,】【他】【帮】【助】【晋】【文】【公】【建】【国】【以】【后】【,】【便】【隐】【居】【山】【中】【。】【大】【家】【想】【让】【他】【出】【来】【做】【官】【,】【但】【是】【他】【不】【愿】【意】【,】【于】【是】【,】【有】【一】【个】【人】【出】【了】【个】【主】【意】【:】【放】【火】【烧】【林】【。】【他】【能】【不】【出】【来】【吗】【?】【但】【是】【介】【子】【推】【宁】【死】【不】【屈】【,】【被】【活】【活】【烧】【死】【了】【。】【这】【两】【个】【人】【对】【比】【起】【来】【,】【还】【是】【介】【子】【推】【活】【的】【有】【骨】【气】【!】【我】【真】【应】【该】【向】【他】【好】【好】【学】【习】【呀】【!】【<】【/】【p】【>】石蒜图片【<】【p】【>】【贤】【愚】【千】【载】【知】【谁】【是】【,】【<】【/】【p】【>】

石蒜图片:自由飞翔-凤凰传奇【爱他就让他自由飞翔】

【<】【p】【>】【在】【很】【久】【很】【久】【前】【,】【有】【个】【齐】【人】【天】【天】【到】【墓】【地】【偷】【吃】【祭】【奠】【亲】【人】【的】【饭】【菜】【,】【吃】【得】【油】【嘴】【腻】【脸】【,】【回】【到】【家】【里】【,】【还】【对】【妻】【子】【和】【小】【妾】【吹】【嘘】【说】【他】【在】【某】【个】【当】【大】【官】【的】【朋】【友】【家】【吃】【喝】【。】【这】【种】【人】【在】【这】【种】【情】【况】【下】【生】【活】【,】【活】【得】【毫】【无】【人】【格】【尊】【严】【。】【<】【/】【p】【>】

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